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Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) Discussion
 
(Caution: Version displayed is not the latest version. - Issued 0843Z Feb 25, 2018)
 
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Abbreviations and acronyms used in this product
 
Geographic Boundaries -  Map 1: Color  Black/White       Map 2: Color  Black/White


QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
343 AM EST SUN FEB 25 2018


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 25/1200 UTC THRU FEB 28/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

NORTHEAST INTO NEW ENGLAND

THE SURFACE FRONTAL BOUNDARY HELPING TO FOCUS THE WIDESPREAD AREA
OF HEAVY PRECIPITATION EARLY THIS MORNING FROM THE LOWER MS VALLEY
INTO THE TN VALLEY---OH VALLEY AND NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC IS
EXPECTED TO BE FAIRLY PROGRESSIVE SUNDAY FROM THE EASTERN
LAKES---UPPER OH VALLEY---CENTRAL APPALACHIAN REGION---PUSHING
EASTWARD THROUGH THE MID ATLANTIC AND INTO NEW ENGLAND SUNDAY AND
OFFSHORE OF THE NORTHEAST SUNDAY NIGHT.  STRONG ISENTROPIC LIFT
EXPECTED TO PERSIST AHEAD OF THIS FRONT IN AN AXIS OF MUCH ABOVE
AVERAGE PW VALUES.  MODEL CONSENSUS IS FOR LESSENING RAINFALL
RATES ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE FRONT WITH SOMEWHAT LESS ORGANIZATION
TO THE PRECIPITATION AREA.  THIS AND THE PROGRESSIVE NATURE OF THE
FRONT ACROSS THE NORTHEAST INTO NEW ENGLAND SHOULD KEEP PRECIP
TOTALS IN THE .25-.50"+ RANGE FROM NORTHEAST PA---NORTHERN
NJ---EASTERN NY STATE INTO NEW ENGLAND.  ACCUMULATING SNOW AND ICE
POSSIBLE ACROSS NORTHERN PORTIONS OF NEW ENGLAND.  SEE THE LATEST
QPFHSD FOR ADDITIONAL WINTER WEATHER INFORMATION.

WESTERN TO CENTRAL GULF COAST---LOWER MS VALLEY INTO THE SOUTHERN
APPALACHIANS

THE SOUTHERN AND WESTERN PORTIONS OF THE ABOVE MENTIONED FRONTAL
BOUNDARY WILL BE MUCH SLOWER MOVING THAN THE NORTHERN
PORTION---BECOMING NEARLY STATIONARY DURING SUNDAY ALONG THE
WESTERN TO CENTRAL GULF COAST INTO THE SOUTHEAST AS IT BECOMES
ALIGNED PARALLEL TO THE SOUTHWEST MID TO UPPER LEVEL FLOW.  THERE
IS THE POTENTIAL FOR ADDITIONAL CONVECTION IN THE VICINITY OF THIS
FRONT WHICH WILL REMAIN IN A FAVORABLE RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION OF
THE UPPER JET AND IN AN AXIS OF ABOVE AVERAGE PW VALUES---1.5-2.0+
STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN.  THERE ARE DIFFERENCES WITH
RESPECT TO THE AXIS OF THE HEAVIEST PRECIP IN THE VICINITY OF THE
FRONT.  THE HI RES MODELS ARE ON THE FARTHER SOUTH END OF THE
GUIDANCE---WITH NON HI RES GUIDANCE GENERALLY SUPPORTING A FARTHER
NORTHWARD MAX AXIS.  THE DAY 1 WPC QPF LEANED TOWARD THE FARTHER
SOUTH SOLUTIONS---DEPICTING A HEAVY PRECIP AXIS FROM THE UPPER
COAST OF TX---ACROSS CENTRAL TO SOUTHERN LA---CENTRAL TO SOUTHERN
MS---CENTRAL TO SOUTHERN AL AND INTO THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS OF
NORTHWEST GA AND FAR SW NC.  THIS EXPECTED QPF AXIS IS ACROSS
AREAS THAT HAVE NOT RECEIVED AS HEAVY AMOUNTS OF RAIN AS POINTS
FARTHER NORTH---WITH FFG VALUES RELATIVELY HIGH. 
SUBSEQUENTLY---BELIEVE THE EXCESSIVE RAINFALL THREAT WILL BE LOWER
COMPARED TO PREVIOUS DAYS FOR POINTS FARTHER NORTH.  THE BROAD
SLIGHT RISK FROM PREVIOUS FORECASTS THAT STRETCHED ACROSS LARGE
PORTIONS OF THE CENTRAL GULF COAST WAS SUPPRESSED TO THE SOUTH AND
DECREASED IN SIZE---ALIGNED WITH THE EXPECTED MAX AXIS FROM THE
UPPER COAST OF TX INTO CENTRAL TO SOUTHERN LA AND SOUTHERN MS. 
THE MARGINAL RISK AREA WAS MAINTAINED NORTHEASTWARD INTO THE
SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS.

PACIFIC NORTHWEST INTO THE NORTHERN ROCKIES

THE NEXT IN THE SERIES OF NORTHEAST PACIFIC HEIGHT FALLS TO DIVE
SOUTHEAST INTO THE MEAN WESTERN TROF WILL PUSH INTO THE
NORTHWESTERN PORTION OF THE COUNTRY DAY 1.  PRECIPITATION COVERAGE
EXPECTED TO INCREASE EARLY IN THE PERIOD ACROSS THE NORTHWEST AS
ONSHORE WESTERLY FLOW STRENGTHENS AHEAD OF THE HEIGHT FALLS.  THE
TRACK OF THE HEIGHT FALLS REMAINS UNFAVORABLE TO TAP ANOMALOUS PW
VALUES---WITH VALUES THIS PERIOD MOSTLY BELOW SEASONAL NORMS. 
STILL THE STRONG ONSHORE WESTERLY FLOW WILL SUPPORT HEAVY PRECIP
POTENTIAL IN THE FAVORED TERRAIN REGIONS OF THE WASHINGTON/OREGON
CASCADES---WESTWARD TO COAST RANGE FROM NW CALIFORNIA INTO THE
OLYMPIC PENINSULA.  INLAND---MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY PRECIP
TOTALS EXPECTED IN THE NORTHERN ROCKIES FROM NW WY INTO CENTRAL TO
NORTHERN ID---NORTHEAST OREGON AND NW MT.  LOW HEIGHTS IN THE MEAN
WESTERN TROF WILL SUPPORT HEAVY SNOW POTENTIAL ACROSS THE NORTHERN
ROCKIES AND THROUGH THE CASCADES.  SEE THE LATEST QPFHSD FOR
ADDITIONAL WINTER WEATHER INFORMATION.


DAYS 2/3...

...GULF COAST AND SOUTHEAST...

SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS ARE EXPECTED TO ACCOMPANY A COLD FRONT
CROSSING THE GULF COAST AND SOUTHEASTERN STATES ON MON. LOW-LEVEL
MOIST SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW OF 30 KT IS FORECAST BY GUIDANCE AHEAD OF
THE FRONT, WITH PWATS EXCEEDING 1.50 INCHES. THE MOIST AIR MASS
COUPLED WITH MODEST INSTABILITY (MOST UNSTABLE LI VALUES OF 0 TO
-2) COULD SUPPORT RAINFALL RATES NEAR OR EVEN SLIGHTLY EXCEEDING 1
IN/HR. RAINFALL TOTALS WILL BE LIMITED BY DURATION, HOWEVER, AS
CONVECTION SHOULD BE MOVING ALONG AT A HEALTHY SPEED AHEAD OF THE
SURFACE FRONT. WRF-ARW/NMM SUGGEST BEST CHANCE FOR LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINS DURING THE DAY MON ACROSS THE WESTERN FL PANHANDLE AND INTO
SERN AL, AND THIS IS REFLECTED IN THE WPC FORECAST, WITH AREAL
AVERAGED AMOUNTS NEAR 1 INCH (LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS LIKELY). THE
RELATIVELY SHORT DURATION OF THE EVENT ALONG WITH HIGH FFG VALUES
IN THE AFFECTED AREAS PRECLUDES THE ISSUANCE OF A RISK AREA ON THE
DAY 2 EXCESSIVE RAINFALL OUTLOOK. FARTHER NORTHEEAST, LIGHT
AMOUNTS, AVERAGING A QUARTER TO A HALF INCH ARE EXPECTED ACROSS
MUCH OF THE SOUTHEAST. WPC QPF WAS GENERALLY BASED ON A BLEND OF
THE ECMWF/GFS AND IN-HOUSE BIAS CORRECTED ENSEMBLE GUIDANCE.


...SOUTHERN PLAINS AND LOWER/MID-MS VALLEY...

A STATIONARY FRONTAL BOUNDARY IN THE NORTHERN GULF AT THE START OF
DAY 3 (12Z TUE) IS EXPECTED TO BEGIN MOVING NORTHWARD ACROSS THE
LOWER MS VALLEY DURING THE DAY AS AN UPPER TROUGH AMPLIFIES OVER
THE FOUR CORNERS REGION AND SURFACE CYCLOGENESIS COMMENCES ACROSS
THE SOUTHERN HIGH PLAINS. SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS ARE EXPECTED
TO DEVELOP ALONG THE WARM FRONT TUE AFTERNOON, AS 30-40 KT
SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW DEVELOPS FROM EASTERN TX AND LA, ONCE AGAIN
TRANSPORTING A MOIST (PWATS > 1.50 INCHES) AND MODESTLY UNSTABLE
AIR MASS NORTHWARD AND LIFTING IT ACROSS THE WARM FRONT. THE GFS
SHOWS MOISTURE FLUX CONVERGENCE MAXIMIZING BETWEEN 00Z-12Z WED IN
AN AREA FROM SERN AR/NRN MS TO NRN AL/SRN TN. UPPER-LEVEL DYNAMICS
PROVIDE SOME SUPPORT, WITH THE AREA IN THE RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION
OF A 130 KT 250 HPA JET STREAK CROSSING THE OH VALLEY DURING THE
TIME PERIOD OF CONCERN. QPF AMOUNTS EXCEEDING 1 INCH ARE SHOWN
ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE DESCRIBED AREA ON DAY 3. THERE IS SOME
UNCERTAINTY AT THIS TIME SURROUNDING EXPECTED RAINFALL RATES AS
WELL AS DURATION. THE DEGREE OF MOISTURE RETURN/STRENGTH OF THE
LOW-LEVEL CROSS-FRONTAL FLOW (AS WELL AS THE SPEED AT WHICH THE
WARM FRONT MOVES NORTH) WILL DEPEND ON THE EXACT EVOLUTION OF THE
UPPER TROUGH AMPLIFYING ACROSS THE SOUTHWEST, AND THE SURFACE
CYCLONE TAKING SHAPE ACROSS THE HIGH PLAINS, BOTH OF WHICH STILL
SHOW SOME DEGREE OF VARIABILITY AMONG MODEL SOLUTIONS. ALL OF
THESE FACTORS COULD SERVE TO INCREASE OR DECREASE RAINFALL
RATES/TOTALS. GIVEN THE POTENTIAL FOR AT LEAST LOCALLY EXCESSIVE
RAIN RATES, INTRODUCED A SLIGHT RISK COVERING THE AFOREMENTIONED
AREAS, SURROUNDED BY A BROADER MARGINAL RISK AREA ON THE DAY 3
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL OUTLOOK. WPC QPF WAS GENERALLY BASED ON A BLEND
OF THE ECMWF/GFS AND IN-HOUSE BIAS CORRECTED ENSEMBLE GUIDANCE.


...WESTERN U.S...

AN UPPER-LEVEL TROUGH INITIALLY CENTERED ALONG THE PAC NW COAST AT
12Z MON IS FORECAST BY ALL GUIDANCE TO QUICKLY AMPLIFY AND FORM A
CUTOFF UPPER LOW ACROSS CA BY TUE MORNING, BEFORE THEN MOVING EAST
AND DIGGING ACROSS THE FOUR CORNERS REGION TUE NIGHT/WED MORNING.
LOW-LEVEL FLOW AHEAD OF THE SYSTEM WILL NOT BE ORIENTED
PARTICULARLY FAVORABLE WITH RESPECT TO THE COASTLINE FOR
TOPOGRAHPIC ENHANCEMENT, THUS FORECAST QPF AMOUNTS ON DAY 2 ARE
RELATIVELY LIGHT FOR MOST AREAS, WITH THE HEAVIEST AMOUNTS (NEAR 1
INCH) EXPECTED ACROSS THE NORTHERN SIERRAS. ON DAY 3, AS THE
SYSTEM REACHES THE SOUTHWESTERN U.S., PRECIP IS EXPECTED TO FOCUS
ACROSS THE MOGOLLON RIM AND THE SAN BERNARDINO/SAN JACINTO RANGES
IN SOUTHERN CA. ADDITIONAL PRECIP IS ALSO POSSIBLE ACORS THE
NORTHWEST ON DAY 3 AS ANOTHER PACIFIC FRONTAL SYSTEM APPROACHES.
WPC QPF WAS GENERALLY BASED ON A BLEND OF THE ECMWF/GFS AND
IN-HOUSE BIAS CORRECTED ENSEMBLE GUIDANCE.


ORAVEC/RYAN

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/qpf2.shtml



                                                
THIS DISCUSSION WILL TRANSITION TO MIXED-CASE FEB 26, 2018.  THE
LISTING OF ISOHYET POINTS CONTAINED BELOW WILL ALSO BE ELIMINATED
FROM THE PRODUCT FEB 26, 2018.  ISOHYET GRID INFORMATION WILL   
CONTINUE TO BE GENERATED IN A VARIETY OF BINARY FORMATS AND MADE
AVAILABLE THROUGH THE WPC GIS PAGE.
                                                          
24HR QP VT 26/12Z
 0.01 485614 495624 502634 509650 512657 514665 517676 520685
      524701 532719 537727 539743 541753 542763 543775 545783
      547808 549817 549828 549833 547837 544847 541856 537864
      534872 533876 532882 530892 528902 525920 521935 520939
      518942 512947 504953 494947 487942 484939 482932 477916
      475908 474897 467862 465854 461847 455836 447819 444816
      440815 434813 427811 421810 413812 405813 385829 369849
      359861 355867 353873 348888 341906 332931 327948 323961
      318976 317979 314984 309988 307990 302990 299992 295990
      279988 266990 262990 260988 253988 248985 244980 248967
      252951 260938 267926 272920 275914 282902 287890 294863
      298846 299842 301839 305833 310827 313820 317804 320798
      322791 322783 323776 325769 328763 331757 334752 344741
      354732 360731 365730 371734 372739 372745 374750 376753
      377762 378767 380768 381766 385763 387759 387756 389741
      391732 391724 388716 383706 379698 375692 373683 371676
      370670 371665 373658 386647
 0.01 537199 536177 528164 523156 517151 509144 502140 495136
      491131 489127 486125 478123 473122 471121 471118 474111
      470104 462098 458096 456093 453091 448091 440090 436092
      433091 426085 423088 423092 426096 425100 419104 418110
      415111 413109 411105 409103 407103 404112 396110 392112
      393115 404116 408118 411121 414128 415137 415143 415146
      413147 408151 404154 405161 408165 409170 411175 413179
      414188 409196 405201 400200 396200 389201 386204 385209
      387213 390215 394218 393222 390222 384220 377221 372225
      379238 390251 400252 409255 418258 426260 433258 439257
      448255 457255 461257 465259 469261 471264 484274 490280
      494286 499294 503293 506290 511281 514277 515272 521253
      520242 518233 515224 514218 517215 527218 530216 532214
      537199
 0.01 494194 490187 482184 475185 472184 469185 462188 459197
      461201 465204 466205 470203 475200 479201 482199 489199
      494194
 0.01 416064 414061 412064 408065 403065 402062 405060 405056
      400055 393059 389061 384061 384063 387064 387067 386070
      381072 368061 364063 359062 357062 357065 360069 363076
      372082 378087 381084 381080 383077 387075 390079 395080
      403076 410074 414071 416064
 0.01 374053 372050 370050 368052 367052 365052 363054 361054
      359054 359056 361056 363056 365054 367054 368055 370055
      372055 374053 374053
 0.01 283817 282812 280808 276807 271807 265808 262810 260813
      262816 268816 272817 277816 281817 283817
 0.01 251808 250805 248806 246809 244811 243813 242817 242819
      243822 245821 247819 248816 249813 250810 251808
 0.25 457625 463640 456635 454638 456641 459647 464653 464658
      467662 469668 470676 477687 486700 490703 494702 499704
      504709 507716 511734 518736 523741 531758 533767 532776
      528793 528804 525809 525813 527826 527837 524845 523853
      521873 519883 514888 509893 502898 498896 496894 494886
      491868 488857 483851 481847 479844 474840 469835 466829
      463822 461813 459801 459789 460784 459780 458779 451779
      447783 445786 442787 438770 433762 432756 429753 427752
      422753 418758 413762 406765 402766 399764 398757 401741
      401735 401728 398719 394701 392691 392681 394675 399668
      403662 409657 412651 413644 425635
 0.25 510276 508269 503267 499262 495257 490255 491263 493269
      496275 499281 504284 508282 510276
 0.25 511254 511252 511251 509249 509248 508247 506247 505250
      505252 505253 507254 508255 510255 511254
 0.25 518183 518179 517176 515174 512171 511169 509167 506164
      504166 503171 504173 505178 506181 508182 511185 514186
      517185 518183
 0.25 497221 498215 497212 491207 486205 478205 451213 439213
      433212 429210 424205 421203 419208 421215 421227 417230
      415229 411227 408227 402230 394229 392230 392233 393237
      398242 404245 413249 422252 435251 449248 462247 470247
      479250 486253 490252 489247 488243 486240 482238 480234
      477230 474230 471228 472225 475222 479222 485223 491223
      497221
 0.25 492165 491160 489157 484154 480152 474147 467141 462140
      459142 452149 449149 445147 441145 439140 437139 434140
      432143 431151 432157 444171 450177 450180 447184 447190
      450193 453191 456188 462183 464177 463171 464169 467170
      471170 476168 492165
 0.25 493148 492142 491137 487134 484132 481130 476127 471128
      471135 472141 476144 481144 485146 489149 493148
 0.25 485748 484746 482744 481744 480744 479744 477744 477745
      477747 479747 481748 481749 482749 484749 485748
 0.25 460173 460172 459170 460169 462168 460167 459166 458165
      457165 456167 457168 457170 456172 458173 460173 460173
 0.25 447116 448111 447109 446106 444101 443100 439100 437100
      434102 434104 432109 433112 436113 438115 441117 443118
      445118 447116
 0.25 411221 412216 409214 405213 402211 400210 399208 396205
      394204 392205 390208 392211 394213 398215 399216 403217
      406219 408220 411221
 0.25 367824 368820 368817 364815 360813 358807 355803 352801
      357788 357783 353784 347791 340799 336804 335808 331818
      325825 314844 309852 305860 297882 284925 278945 273955
      271960 272963 276964 282963 285966 288970 291972 296972
      301969 307962 317947 323937 328926 335907 343884 350865
      354854 359843 364834 367824
 0.50 512825 512818 511809 507801 501795 497794 492797 488805
      488812 489821 492833 495843 499852 502855 504856 507855
      509852 511846 512833 512825
 0.50 490216 489213 486211 481208 475208 470210 447215 442215
      437216 431217 427218 424220 423224 427230 425234 418233
      412231 406233 401237 404242 409245 416247 423248 430248
      452244 462241 467238 474242 478243 480239 479235 477232
      472234 469235 467232 467227 468224 474221 480219 485219
      490216
 0.50 483161 480157 475154 472151 470148 467145 463143 460146
      459153 461158 464161 467165 471166 474165 478163 481162
      483161
 0.50 463178 461175 458176 455174 452169 453162 453158 451156
      445152 441149 439147 436148 434150 436154 440161 447167
      449172 451176 454179 454182 455185 462181 463178
 0.50 450721 451715 451710 449704 446700 444692 439687 430674
      422675 416674 409673 404674 401676 399683 398693 400703
      402716 404724 405730 407733 413734 422735 428736 436735
      442731 444727 447725 450721
 0.50 443111 442108 442107 441108 441110 442111 443111
 0.50 360830 360826 356825 350827 345828 340828 335830 332833
      328837 323843 314856 306866 302875 299882 290916 286954
      289960 292962 293965 295966 299964 305958 312948 317940
      320932 326920 329910 332902 338889 343871 349857 353849
      356841 360830
 1.00 481214 480213 479212 477212 475214 477215 478216 479216
      480215 481214
 1.00 461223 461219 457218 451217 445217 440218 434220 429220
      427220 427224 431228 437228 442227 448226 453223 455222
      458223 461223
 1.00 430243 430240 426238 423237 420236 416235 413235 411236
      410239 412241 415243 418243 422244 425245 427244 430243
 1.00 413701 413699 412697 412696 411695 410693 408694 408695
      408698 409698 409700 411702 413702 413701
 1.00 351839 351837 350836 348838 346840 345842 347843 348843
      350842 350841 351839
 1.00 339856 338850 333850 324856 317862 312867 309871 305880
      302886 300892 297903 297915 296928 293941 290951 296953
      299954 303950 310941 315933 316926 318920 322909 327898
      329887 334874 336865 339856
 1.50 423241 423239 421239 419238 419237 418237 416236 414236
      414237 413238 414239 415241 417241 419241 420241 422242
      423241
 1.50 319902 319896 319887 318882 316879 312883 310888 306897
      304901 302909 301920 299927 299934 299939 302941 305938
      308933 310930 312923 314911 319902 

24HR QP VT 27/12Z
 0.01 543195 538189 533181 526166 524166 522169 519172 516171
      510172 503172 497172 494171 492173 492180 496184 500187
      501191 502196 500199 497202 494202 489203 484207 477211
      471212 463212 450216 437218 433221 436223 444224 450223
      456222 463225 466226 467229 463231 433235 427236 425237
      422239 423243 419243 411241 407240 405238 403232 405227
      409228 413229 415228 416225 415220 416215 418212 425201
      427198 428191 428186 426185 426181 431175 433172 433166
      431159 438160 445162 448162 449164 452164 454161 461162
      468165 469167 473166 478165 478159 476151 472146 472143
      474141 477140 482142 484146 486149 490150 492146 489139
      484133 479133 475137 472140 468139 466136 466132 465128
      465123 465114 468108 465104 462097 459090 458080 453072
      447068 444066 440066 439071 441074 446080 447082 448088
      446090 443090 436090 432090 430089 426086 423087 421090
      424099 423102 420103 416104 415101 413099 410098 407099
      404103 402105 399104 396110 390114 400123 396130 390134
      374150 372166 367173 362175 356180 352179 349176 348172
      345170 343167 339166 327161 317159 315160 311160 310167
      313175 315181 318186 322192 326196 332206 342219 345222
      345225 347230 346232 344238 343240 346245 350247 353249
      358249 375254 378256 381257 389259 397262 403262 413262
      421262 430260 443258 450257 453256 456258 450277 451291
      452298 457303 468311 476315 482315 500319
 0.01 486614 489618 492622 497632 505652 523693 526706 528710
      529719 531723 532730 533738 535744 535752 534755 535760
      532771 528780 526784 524786 522789 520790 514791 507787
      496774 488770 484771 481766 477758 476747 479734 484727
      486722 486718 482716 480714 478709 481705 486703 489700
      492697 492695 493692 492688 491675 484664 478660 470659
      462664 457664 453662 446658 441651 434645 422637
 0.01 531235 527231 524227 521221 517214 516212 514213 509215
      507219 508224 509230 513236 516240 518247 522251 525253
 0.01 518910 518905 517900 516895 515892 513884 508880 503880
      500886 499892 498896 498904 500916 502924 503928 502931
      500939 499949 499960 501967 502970 505970 510966 512960
      515952 516942 517938 517932 517921 517912 518910
 0.01 482227 483224 483222 482222 481220 480220 478220 476220
      474222 474224 475227 477229 478228 480228 482227 482227
 0.01 448129 446126 442127 439125 436126 433128 431130 430132
      429137 430142 434140 435138 438136 439136 443135 445133
      447131 448129
 0.01 373740 373733 371725 368714 364710 360710 351715 345720
      340728 332741 328751 325754 323749 321745 317743 313742
      307742 301746 296753 292760 288768 278785 274792 277795
      281796 290799 299801 303800 306799 308801 304808 299817
      296827 294836 291845 284864 283871 281879 273899 268917
      265926 262934 258942 254949 253954 250960 247969 244974
      243977 242982 242988 238993 240998 242000 260005 269001
      271998 273995 275997 278001 283002 287001 290999 293996
      293991 289985 285977 285968 283963 284957 286946 289937
      293929 297920 301914 305907 310901 322885 332872 342858
      346852 351844 353839 354832 355828 357822 362803 371765
      373740
 0.01 350206 347203 345201 344198 343195 342193 340191 338192
      337196 337198 338201 340203 343206 346207 350206
 0.25 510297 508295 504294 497294 491293 486292 483290 482285
      482283 487277 492273 496267 502262 506255 510255 513257
      521260 522261
 0.25 539204 538203 536204 535206 535209 536210 536212 537213
      538214
 0.25 452100 450097 446099 438100 435103 433107 426106 425108
      424112 423116 422120 424122 428113 432110 435112 439112
      441115 445117 448114 449110 447106 449101 452100
 0.25 401211 402207 402202 398198 393195 387192 379192 372190
      372195 374202 375208 378215 385215 391215 396214 401211
 0.25 360752 356751 356748 355741 353737 348737 342741 338747
      334752 331760 329768 329777 327785 331801 333803 331806
      333809 338802 343796 350784 356770 358762 360754 360752
 0.25 333833 327809 329806 327802 322806 319811 317813 313814
      312813 308816 305821 301834 299842 300848 298853 295857
      291864 290871 286885 282901 281916 281923 283926 286925
      292914 298900 304889 318868 330845 333833
 0.25 313760 313755 312754 310754 309756 308759 306761 305765
      306769 306774 310774 311771 311769 312764 313762 313760
 0.25 280937 279933 277931 276933 274936 272939 271941 270943
      269947 270950 274950 275947 276945 278943 279939 280937
 0.25 275956 272952 268955 265958 263962 261966 259969 259974
      262974 265972 268968 270965 272961 274958 275956
 0.50 522266 520266 519265 517265 515265 514265 512265 511265
      510267 509270 508272 508274 508277 508279 509280 509281
      511283 512284 514285
 0.50 396208 396205 394202 391199 389198 386197 384198 381199
      380204 381207 383209 386210 389211 391211 395210 396208
 0.50 324846 322844 318843 312846 304855 300861 297868 294874
      292881 291895 289903 290907 291906 296900 298895 305882
      311871 317860 323848 324846
 1.00 310863 309860 308863 310863 310863
 1.00 307869 307867 307865 307863 306863 304865 304867 303869
      303870 303871 305872 305871 306869 307869 

24HR QP VT 28/12Z
 0.01 535212 535201 532193 526179 524175 522169 521160 518157
      513157 510159 505158 499152 496145 494137 489132 483126
      473126 470127 469131 469135 466136 462136 458137 456140
      455144 453147 449152 443153 447160 448164 448170 446178
      444182 445187 449190 455190 460185 464181 465176 462175
      457173 456168 462165 468171 472173 475175 481181 484187
      490187 492190 493195 490199 486201 480203 473207 467209
      453213 442217 434218 430221 428223 430226 434228 435233
      432236 428237 426239 425243 427245 431247 433246 436247
      436252 443269 448271 451270 455266 467260 479256 484256
      488258 494265 504278 509286 513282 516275 519267 517257
      514247 511238 508230 505221 501214 499206 499200 501198
      506199 509202 516208 521215 528218 531219 533217 534213
      535212
 0.01 521731 521723 520716 518708 515704 509700 505696 500695
      493694 488692 484689 474674 468668 464670 463672 464678
      468687 470693 472701 473713 477717 480721 482729 482736
      483745 486750 490757 494761 497763 502762 505759 506752
      510750 514746 516743 521731 521731
 0.01 480228 479226 477225 476225 477227 477228 478229 480228
 0.01 459812 459805 456803 451805 447809 442817 439822 437828
      434832 433837 430850 429857 429863 430870 431874 429876
      422898 422905 425908 428912 431914 431916 437916 440914
      444910 446904 448900 450894 451888 451879 448869 453858
      457848 459841 459835 459827 457823 459812
 0.01 417118 417113 413111 411103 407099 406101 405106 399113
      401121 398131 395136 391139 388141 383140 378146 375148
      378155 378160 375162 369166 360169 358169 356166 360163
      364155 362150 360146 361141 362130 362125 359121 361112
      365103 366096 367091 375087 378086 382086 385088 388087
      392082 407076 412075 413072 412067 409063 402060 396062
      389065 385065 382066 373062 369061 367063 364085 360087
      357084 352079 346083 338081 334079 330080 321082 315082
      310080 301081 295080 292081 291086 293089 298103 300106
      300110 299116 300120 304127 307130 310131 310134 309141
      307145 301148 293150 291151 290156 295163 300169 307175
      315181 324183 331182 339186 343187 345190 346194 352196
      359193 376190 380188 382186 383181 385177 395168 406154
      408141 407128 417118
 0.01 403929 394858 390851 386846 376840 371835 366831 361825
      356819 346813 335810 328815 325818 324821 323829 321838
      317852 316859 316867 316874 315877 314885 312888 310891
      304888 298884 294880 290879 288879 284882 284890 287897
      292912 293922 294931 293940 291946 286952 285956 284960
      281968 277974 271985 273991 277995 283999 280006 276011
      277014 279018 285022 290023 299016 304011 306008 310007
      315007 318006 324001 337002 342000 346995 348992 348987
      348984 351983 353985 362985 369985 375981 378974 376962
      381956 387953 394950 398945 401941 402938 402931 403929
 0.01 312792 311790 306790 298788 292786 285787 280792 279796
      279801 280803 279807 280811 283813 287813 291813 298810
      302808 303805 307799 311792 312792
 0.25 523197 524194 523190 521186 519182 516178 513175 509173
      504173 502178 503184 507187 510189 515192 518196 521198
      523197
 0.25 512258 513252 511248 508240 504234 500227 498219 493212
      487208 482207 479208 473211 467214 462218 459220 459222
      465223 472221 479221 487224 498236 503241 506248 509254
      512258
 0.25 494168 492161 489154 486149 481148 478150 472152 469152
      467155 468159 469162 474165 481167 487168 490169 494168
 0.25 380886 380879 379873 378868 376867 373868 371872 370877
      368881 367887 367894 367898 371900 374896 376893 379889
      380886
 0.25 354122 353117 351115 347112 344109 341104 339101 337104
      335108 337111 337117 339121 343124 346125 350126 354122
      354122
 0.25 360898 360879 359870 360866 359861 358853 354847 350841
      348838 344836 338836 333839 330846 328855 326863 326869
      325881 325889 324899 322906 319912 314918 310923 309930
      308939 306947 305956 304960 305963 313975 314979 318979
      322974 330972 335968 340963 342957 347941 350933 350926
      357910 360898
 0.25 330168 329166 327164 325163 323163 322162 320160 317159
      313158 309158 308160 309163 312165 316165 319165 323166
      325168 328168 330168
 0.50 496228 496223 493218 490216 487213 482211 479211 475213
      475217 480219 485220 488220 491222 494227 496228
 0.50 355861 352851 347849 341848 338852 336856 334868 333881
      333889 332895 329905 328912 325917 323922 319924 316929
      315935 314942 314948 316955 319959 324958 328956 334947
      339939 343934 344928 347918 351906 353895 355889 355881
      355861
 1.00 351881 351874 350866 347864 344866 342871 342880 340892
      337904 334915 332926 333930 336928 339923 340917 344908
      347903 348897 348890 350884 351881