Excessive Rainfall Discussion


[Abbreviations and acronyms used in this product]
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Excessive Rainfall Discussion
NWS Weather Prediction Center College Park MD
428 AM EDT Fri Jul 19 2024

Day 1
Valid 12Z Fri Jul 19 2024 - 12Z Sat Jul 20 2024

...THERE IS A SLIGHT RISK FOR EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS PORTIONS OF
THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND EASTERN CAROLINAS...

...Carolinas...

The cold front from the past few days will become quasi-stationary
across the Carolinas with a strong low-level convergence signature
focused from Northeast NC down through Central SC in the Piedmont.
Areal PWATs are sufficient for heavy rainfall potential with
anomalies nestled between 1-1.5 deviations above normal with values
between 1.8-2.2" focused over the above area. Current mean QPF is
right around 1-1.5" with some smaller maxima located across
multiple portions of the Carolinas which is reflective of the
overall convective environment. The primary signature of note for
the potential is heavily based in the latest probability fields
with EAS signatures between 25-40% for at least 1" present through
much of the Eastern Carolinas with the max confined to the eastern
extent of the Piedmont down to around Columbia, an urban area more
prone for flash flooding historically. Neighborhood probabilities
for at least 3" show multiple areas between 50-70% with another max
located within the escarpment of SC/NC/TN where models are
depicting some terrain focused convection later this afternoon.
There are some minor signals for at least 5" totals within the
confines of the Eastern Carolinas as well signaling a general
maximum of up to 6" in any cells. Area hodographs indicate a weak
steering pattern which would lead to either slow moving, or even
stationary storms that could enhance the local threat further as
the storm motions would only be accelerated through outflow
propagation. The SLGT risk from the previous forecast was
maintained with some expansion over the northern and southern
fringes to match the recent trends within the probability fields. 

...Southern Rockies...

General persistence will create another day of locally heavy
rainfall threats located within the Southern Rockies with a
southern expansion down closer to the NM Bootheel as noted within
the convective QPF footprint. The area will see another round of
diurnally driven convection with more mid-level perturbations
rounding the eastern flank of the ridge, moving overhead during the
peak of diurnal heating. This will create an enhancement within the
large scale ascent pattern along with the already favorable
instability field with the theta-E ridge bisecting much of Central
and Northern NM. Local totals of 1-2" with a few spots seeing
higher amounts are forecast across the terrain down into the
northern extent of the Bootheel near Gila National Forest.
Probabilities for at least 1" are relatively higher when gauging
the neighborhood probability output with some scattered signals for
at least 2" in portions of Central NM. The combination of multi-day
impact within complex terrain and remnant burn scars exacerbating
the flash flood concerns was plenty of reason to extend the SLGT
risk maintain general continuity. 

Kleebauer 


Day 2
Valid 12Z Sat Jul 20 2024 - 12Z Sun Jul 21 2024

...THERE IS A SLIGHT RISK FOR EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE
SOUTHERN ROCKIES THROUGH MUCH OF NEW MEXICO...

...Southern Rockies...

A pattern of persistence within the mid and upper-levels will lead
to an ongoing threat of convective development in-of the Southern
Rockies and adjacent terrain of NM due to primed environmental
destabilization coinciding with a progression of mid-level
vortices streaming down the eastern flank of the ridge across the 
Western U.S. Theta-E ridge is forecast to shift focus across NM 
with the tongue of elevated instability generally confined to the 
terrain extending from the Bootheel up through the Sangre de 
Cristos. Scattered to numerous thunderstorms will be capable of 
locally heavy rainfall that will interact with complex terrain and 
the burn scars littered across the Southern Rockies down to the 
Sacramento Mountains. Areal QPF average between 0.75-1.5" is 
forecast with a few locations potentially seeing upwards of 2" 
which would easily cause issues no matter where they occur given 
the lower FFGs situated across the state. Considering the ongoing 
impacts from prior periods and the convective coverage anticipated,
maintained the previous SLGT risk with some broadening of the risk
area to reflect the concerns even outside the terrain focused 
areas. 

...Southeast to Southern Mid Atlantic...

Persistent surface front bisecting much of the Southeastern U.S up
through the Southern Mid Atlantic will continue the threat of
scattered thunderstorms capable of locally heavy rainfall with some
training prospects within the confines of the quasi-stationary
boundary. The QPF footprint is a shotgun of small QPF maxima
reflective of the potential with less of any organized threat and
more of a widespread convective pattern that favors some locally
greater impacts, but remaining on the low to middle grounds of the
MRGL threshold. Unlike the previous period, a lack of stronger
mid-level vorticity will negate the higher end potential as the
ascent pattern is mainly limited to boundary layer destabilization
and low-level convergence within the front. The previous MRGL risk
was maintained with some minor adjustments. 

Kleebauer


Day 3
Valid 12Z Sun Jul 21 2024 - 12Z Mon Jul 22 2024

...THERE IS A SLIGHT RISK FOR EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE
SOUTHERN ROCKIES THROUGH MUCH OF NEW MEXICO...

...Southern Rockies...

Mid-level ridge axis will begin sliding eastward with building
heights centered over the Lower Colorado River Basin into the
southern portion of the Great Basin. A multitude of mid-level
vortices will continue to plunge down the eastern flank of the 
ridge and interact with ample surface destabilization located 
within the Southern Rockies. With steep low to mid-level lapse 
rates and prominent moisture anomalies running close to 1-2 
deviations above normal,AND SOUTHWEST convective threats will 
induce periods of moderate to heavy rainfall within the general 
confines of the Southern Rockies with emphasis on the Sangre de 
Cristos and the Northern fringe of the Sacramentos. There will also
be an extension of convective concerns down closer to the NM 
Bootheel within the Gila National Forest just to the north of 
Silver City. Areal QPF within the means are consistent with 
0.75-1.25" with some bias corrected maxes exceeding 2" in spots, 
mainly over Northern NM. With the successive period of heavy 
rainfall potential within the terrain and remnant burn scars, the 
threat remains well within the SLGT risk range inherited from prior
forecast. Thus, outside some adjustment within the fringes to 
reflect QPF trends, the SLGT risk was majority continuity. 


...Mid-Atlantic to Central Gulf Coast...

A mid-level trough will begin to carve out across the Central
Plains with a lingering stationary front still bisecting much of
the Southeast into the Southern Mid Atlantic. Broad extent of
thunderstorm chances will remain stagnant in terms of placement and
potential impact with greater effects generally relegated to focal
points near higher surface convergence patterns and deep layer
moisture field present in any given area. Scattered to numerous
thunderstorms are forecast across TX to the Central Gulf Coast
during the afternoon on Sunday with locally heavy rainfall
plausible in any cells that develop. General 1-2" are possible in
any convective signal, however the area over the Central Gulf has
the best chance for heavier returns due to a deeper moisture field
located along the Gulf. These areas do have a higher FFG however,
so the threat is on the lower end of MRGL during the period, along
with the area across TX. Continued threat of heavy rainfall is
forecast across the Southern Mid Atlantic where multiple shortwaves
will enter the region and enhance regional ascent within the
convergence corridor near the stationary front. The main area of
impact is subject to some variability at range due to the forecast
frontal placement being a major part of where training convection
could develop. The MRGL risk across the area was broad but worthy
of the current location given the setup. An upgrade is possible
pending the convective evolution over the previous period. 

Kleebauer

Day 1 threat area: https://www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/94epoints.txt
Day 2 threat area: https://www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/98epoints.txt
Day 3 threat area: https://www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/99epoints.txt




Last Updated: 428 AM EDT FRI JUL 19 2024