THE WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER

COLLEGE PARK, MD


QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION


[Abbreviations and acronyms used in this product]
Geographic boundaries:    Map 1- [Color] [B/W Print Version]      Map 2 - [Color] [B/W Print Version]



QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
350 AM EST WED NOV 22 2017


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID NOV 22/1200 UTC THRU NOV 25/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

FOR THE 12Z QPF ISSUANCE: MINOR CHANGES WERE MADE ALONG THE EAST
COAST FROM NC UP THROUGH LONG ISLAND NY FOR THE 22/12Z THROUGH
22/18Z PERIOD...BASED MAINLY ON RADAR TRENDS AND THE MOST RECENT
HRRR. AMOUNTS WERE INCREASED FROM SOUTHERN NJ THROUGH EASTERN LONG
ISLAND...TO ACCOUNT FOR TRENDS IN HRRR SOLUTIONS.


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN ROCKIES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A POSITIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE
TROUGH APPROACHING THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST WILL INTERACT WITH DEEP
PACIFIC MOISTURE TO PRODUCE HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL OVER
PORTIONS OF WA AND OR DURING DAY 1. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL
AGREEMENT WITH THE OVERALL SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED
PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z GFS/12Z ECMWF.

THE CURRENT SHOT OF DEEPER ATMOSPHERIC MOISTURE IS EXPECTED TO
CLEAR THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING THE FIRST
PART OF DAY 1. HOWEVER...THE MOST RECENT IR IMAGES SHOWED THE NEXT
SLUG MOISTURE RIDING NORTHWARD FROM NEAR 32N 133W...WHERE THE
BLENDED TPW PRODUCT SHOWED PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN 1.50
AND 2.00 INCHES. THE ONSHORE FLOW WILL CONTINUE TO PRODUCE UPSLOPE
CONDITIONS ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST... WITH RAINFALL RATES
INCREASING AFTER 23/00Z...AS SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM THE
LONG WAVE TROUGH APPROACHES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST. THERE WAS A
MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR HOURLY RAINFALL RATES TO INCREASE TO 0.50
INCHES OR GREATER IN THE 23/06Z TO 23/12Z TIME FRAME...AS A 40
KNOT LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER
ACROSS WESTERN WA.

THE INCREASED MOISTURE AND UPSLOPE FLOW IS EXPECTED TO RESULT IN
LOCAL 3.00 TO 4.00 INCH QPF AMOUNTS CENTERED ON THE WA OLYMPIC
RANGE (WHICH IS FAVORED IN THE SOUTHWEST FLOW REGIME). SINCE THIS
AREAS HAS SEEN HEAVY RAINFALL OVER THE PAST COUPLE OF DAYS...THE
ADDITIONAL RAINFALL RAISES THE POTENTIAL FOR ROCK SLIDES AND LAND
SLIDES IN FAVORED LOCATIONS. A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED HERE
FOR DAY 1 TO ACCOUNT FOR THE ELEVATED FLOOD THREAT.

THE LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW ALSO TARGETS THE WA CASCADES...WHERE
THE COMBINATION OF UPSLOPE FLOW AND SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT IS
EXPECTED TO PRODUCE 1.75 TO 2.25 INCHES OF QPF...WITH THE HIGHEST
AMOUNTS OVER THE NORTHERN WA CASCADES. SNOW LEVELS REMAIN ELEVATED
ACROSS THE WA CASCADES...SO ALMOST ALL OF THE QPF IS EXPECTED TO
BE IN THE FORM OF RAINFALL. WITH THIS IN MIND...A MARGINAL RISK
WAS EXTENDED HERE TO COVER THE FLOOD THREAT.

FINALLY...THE MOISTURE PLUME IS NOT EXPECTED TO BE AS ROBUST
ACROSS THE NORTHERN ROCKIES...BUT THE COMBINATION OF UPSLOPE FLOW
AND SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE MOST OF THE
MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN. MOST HIGH RESOLUTION MODEL SOLUTIONS
INDICATED THE POTENTIAL FOR LOCAL 0.75/1.00 INCH QPF AMOUNTS
ACROSS THE NORTHERN BITTERROOTS IN ID...AS WELL AS THE ROCKY
MOUNTAIN FRONT RANGE.


...GREAT LAKES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN THE FAST MID LEVEL NORTHWEST FLOW OVER THE
GREAT LAKES WILL HELP PROMOTE LAKE EFFECT CIRCULATIONS THAT
PRODUCE MAINLY LIGHT QPF AMOUNTS OVER THE GREAT LAKES ON DAY 1.
THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE OVERALL SETUP...SO THE WPC
QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z GFS/12Z ECMWF. THE
00Z NAM/NBM WERE USED TO BETTER DELINEATE LAKE EFFECT QPF AMOUNTS.

SURFACE LOW PRESSURE ASSOCIATED WITH SHORT WAVE ENERGY TRACKING
FROM WEST CENTRAL CANADA TO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES WILL FOCUS
MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN TO PRODUCE MAINLY LIGHT QPF AMOUNTS
EXTENDING FROM NORTHERN ND ACROSS MN INTO WI/UP OF MI. BEHIND THE
SURFACE LOW AND MID LEVEL TROUGH...THE BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW BECOMES
MORE CONDUCIVE FOR LAKE EFFECT CIRCULATIONS TO DEVELOP. THE LOW
LEVEL FLOW CROSSES THE SHORT AXES OF THE UPPER GREAT LAKES...WHICH
LIMITS THE FETCH...AND QPF AMOUNTS. LOCAL 0.10 TO 0.20 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE IN THE FAVORED LOCATIONS.


...NEW ENGLAND...

A LONG WAVE TROUGH TAKING ON A NEGATIVE TILT CROSSING THE MID
ATLANTIC AND NORTHEAST STATES ON DAY 1 AIDS IN DEEPENING SURFACE
LOW PRESSURE THAT TRACKS OFF THE NEW ENGLAND COAST. AHEAD OF THE
MID LEVEL AND SURFACE SYSTEMS...A LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW
TRANSPORTS MOISTURE AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY TO FEEDS LOW TOPPED
CONVECTION PRODUCING LOCALLY HEAVY QPF AMOUNTS. WHILE THERE IS
STILL SOME SPREAD ON HOW FAR OFFSHORE THE SURFACE LOW TRACKS WHEN
IT PASSES NEW ENGLAND...THERE IS FAIRLY GOOD AGREEMENT ON THE PATH
OF THE HIGHEST QPF AMOUNTS. THEREFORE...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED
MAINLY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z GFS/12Z ECMWF.

CONVECTION FORMING AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING THE MID
ATLANTIC CROSS EASTERNMOST SECTIONS OF NC BEFORE MOVING NORTHEAST
WITH THE SHORT WAVE...AND SURFACE LOW PRESSURE FORMING ON A FRONT
BOUNDARY. THE DEEPENING SURFACE LOW IS THEN EXPECTED TO TRACK EAST
OF THE MA COAST BEFORE 23/00Z. AHEAD OF THE SURFACE LOW...AND THE
LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSING NEW ENGLAND...A 25 TO 30 KNOT LOW LEVEL
SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS
EASTERN NEW ENGLAND BETWEEN 23/12Z AND 23/18Z...DURING THE BEST
MID LEVEL LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE LONG WAVE TROUGH. LOW TOPPED
CONVECTION FORMING IN THE AXIS OF MARGINAL INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED
TO PRODUCE AN AXIS OF 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS A PORTION
OF SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND. WHILE URBAN FLOODING IS POSSIBLE ALONG
THE INTERSTATE 95 CORRIDOR THERE...THE THREAT FOR MORE ORGANIZED
FLASH FLOOD SEEMS LIMITED BY INSTABILITY.

AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH TAKES ON A NEGATIVE TILT AS IT CROSSES
NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND...THE LEVEL INFLOW BACKS FOR A TIME. THIS
ALLOW FOR BETTER LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE...AS DIVERGENCE ALOFT IS
AUGMENTED IN THE RIGHT READ QUADRANT OF A 150 KNOT JET STREAK
MOVING OVER WESTERN NEW ENGLAND AND QUEBEC. THE ENHANCED LIFT
COULD ALLOW FOR A STRIPE OF 1.50 TO 2.00 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS
DOWNEAST ME. THESE NUMBER ARE CLOSE TO THE THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES...SO THERE COULD BE A LOW END FLASH FLOOD
THREAT...MAINLY AFTER 22/18Z. THE THREAT IS EXPECTED TO END AFTER
23/00Z...AS THE BEST LIFT AND INSTABILITY EXIT INTO THE CANADIAN
MARITIMES.


...FL...

SURFACE LOW PRESSURE ORGANIZING OVER THE GULF OF MEXICO AHEAD OF A
SLOW MOVING LONG WAVE TROUGH APPROACHES THE BIG BEND OF FL LATE ON
DAY 1. AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL AND SURFACE SYSTEMS...A
STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL FLOW TRANSPORTS DEEP MOISTURE ALONG A
FRONTAL BOUNDARY TOWARD THE BIG BEND OF FL...WHERE CONVECTION
ALONG THE FRONT COULD PRODUCE LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL. FOR THE MOST
PART...THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE PLACEMENT OF THE
HIGHEST QPF...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A MULTI MODEL BLEND.

SURFACE LOW PRESSURE OVER THE CENTRAL GULF OF MEXICO EARLY ON DAY
1 DEEPENS IN RESPONSE TO THE APPROACH OF POSITIVELY TILTED LONG
WAVE TROUGH...ALLOWING THE SURFACE LOW TO DEEPEN AS IT APPROACHES
THE FL BIG BEND AFTER 23/00Z. THE LOW LEVEL FLOW AHEAD OF THE
SURFACE LOW BACKS WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF A WARM FRONT ASSOCIATED
WITH THE SURFACE LOW...AND THE 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL FLOW FOCUSES 1.75
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ALONG AND NORTH OF THE WARM FRONT
BETWEEN 23/06Z AND 23/12Z. MARGINAL INSTABILITY AND DEEP MOISTURE
WILL FEED CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES LOCAL 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF
QPF OVER THE FL BIG BEND AREA...MAINLY IN THE 23/06Z TO 23/12Z
TIME FRAME.


DAYS 2/3...

WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z GFS/ECMWF/UKMET.


...NORTHWEST...

THE UPPER TROUGH THAT WAS DRIVING THE ATMOSPHERIC RIVER INTO THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST WILL EJECT ACROSS THE NORTHERN CONUS TO THE
GREAT LAKES THURSDAY THROUGH FRIDAY NIGHT. COLD AIR ADVECTION WILL
LOWER SNOW LEVELS AND INCREASING NVA WITH TIME WILL BEGIN TO
SUPPRESS PRECIPITATION. AS A RESULT...DESPITE GREATER THAN TWO
INCH QPF IN THE NORTHERN CASCADES...NO AREA WAS OUTLINED ON THE
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL OUTLOOK FOR DAY 2 (12Z THU-12Z FRI). THE NEXT
LOW PUSHING SOUTH ACROSS THE GULF OF ALASKA APPROACHES THE
NORTHWEST FRIDAY NIGHT WITH A BRIEF LIGHT TO MODERATE RAIN
EXPECTED TO BEGIN FRIDAY NIGHT.


...GREAT LAKES...

THE EJECTING WAVE FROM THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST/BRITISH COLUMBIA WILL
PROGRESS EASTWARD ACROSS SOUTHERN CANADA THURSDAY NIGHT INTO
FRIDAY. THE STRONGEST LOW-LEVEL THETAE ADVECTION IN ADVANCE OF THE
LOW...AS WELL AS DEFORMATION ON THE BACK/NORTHWEST
SIDE...CONTINUES TO BE PROGGED NORTH OF THE U.S. BORDER.
THEREFORE...MOST OF THE QPF WAS CONCENTRATED IN CANADA...WITH
LIGHT AMOUNTS EXTENDING SOUTH INTO THE LAKE SUPERIOR REGION IN THE
AREA OF STRONGEST MID-UPPER LEVEL PVA.


...SOUTHEAST/FLORIDA...

A WEAK LOW WILL DEVELOP OVER THE EASTERN GULF OF MEXICO THURSDAY
AND DRIFT EAST OVER THE FL PENINSULA THROUGH FRIDAY. THE
DEVELOPING FRONTAL ZONE AND FAVORABLE JET DYNAMICS IN THE RIGHT
ENTRANCE REGION OF AN UPPER LEVEL JET STREAK SHOULD LEAD TO A
CORRIDOR OF RAIN FROM THE CENTRAL/SOUTHERN GULF OF MEXICO
NORTHEASTWARD ACROSS NORTHERN FL TO FAR SOUTHEASTERN GA. 1.5 INCH
PW IS 1.5 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL. A RESERVOIR OF
MARGINAL-MODERATE INSTABILITY ALONG AND SOUTHEAST OF THE SURFACE
FRONT SUGGESTS CONVECTIVE BANDS WILL BE LIKELY WITH A PATTERN OF
LOCALIZED HIGHER AMOUNTS LIKELY WHERE LOW-LEVEL CONVERGENCE IS
MAXIMIZED FOR LONGER DURATION. 00Z GFS/ECMWF ARE IN GOOD AGREEMENT
WITH PLACEMENT OF MAXIMUM RAINFALL OVER NORTHERN FL. CONVECTIVE
FEEDBACK IS SUSPECTED...BUT THE AFOREMENTIONED INGREDIENTS DO
PORTEND A HEAVY RAINFALL SITUATION. A MARGINAL RISK FOR EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL WAS INTRODUCED FOR NORTHERN FL FOR DAY 2 (12Z THU-12Z
FRI). THE LOW SHIFTS NORTHEAST ON FRIDAY...TAKING THE RAINFALL MAX
OUT TO SEA...THOUGH NOT FAR OFF THE CAROLINA COAST.


HAYES/JACKSON

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML



24HR QP VT 23/12Z
 0.01 482616 495634 499645 500654 501661 498675 497681 494687
      487694 484698 483701 483705 484713 481718 478724 475727
      469736 463743 457752 449759 433771 421773 419770 419763
      421756 421750 419745 418744 415745 408752 399758 382770
      373775 369777 364776 357777 353775 347769 348764 344761
      333759 324755 320753 317750 314746 312740 311732 311727
      315716 320709 326701 333693 340686 350681 357668
 0.01 466331 477326 486318 493309 498304 501299 504294 509290
      517278 527247 532231 534223 536211 537200 538188 537182
      535174 528164 520154 514149 510144 505140 500138 490130
      481122 475122 470124 469127 466129 461131 455132 448131
      442132 437135 434142 433147 433156 435163 435172 433180
      432184 434187 436194 438200 440203 443205 445207 447205
      451200 454195 456193 457196 455204 454209 452211 447213
      443213 437211 435212 430212 426213 423221 420222 418219
      416217 413216 405222 395229 386237 378246 371256 366260
      362265 354274 354279 358284 358285 366287 371289 377288
      382285 392278 398275 403273 414268 419266 426264 436260
      439260 441262 443269 444278 447284 452289 449294 444299
      441306 439307 438312 437317 438319
 0.01 539799 539791 537785 533780 528778 520772 511773 506773
      503776 497783 491792 488798 487808 489816 488823 489828
      486831 483836 473839 470836 469832 467826 467818 469813
      470806 470803 465806 464812 463816 461812 459810 460805
      465797 466789 465780 462782 461789 459790 457788 452789
      451796 449799 448801 446800 442798 439798 440802 439805
      435806 431808 428812 429817 433821 441828 450833 454838
      455840 454842 451838 449840 444844 440849 437852 432854
      431859 429862 426860 422860 419858 419863 421863 422865
      426864 429864 434865 437871 439873 444876 447880 451882
      458874 461870 464876 464884 464888 461890 450891 446894
      444897 444901 443906 445913 450925 453929 457932 460938
      461947 463961 465966 467969 470974 475976 477982 480987
      484992 486999 489013 491018 494023 498027 501034 503040
      503047 505052 508058 511059 515056 518051 521044 522026
      520012 517998 515993 515985 514979 510974 509967 507963
      509957 509942 509936 508934 507929 506927 504921 500919
      496916 490911 483909 480906 480902 482896 485889 488885
      500883 503880 506873 506864 506859 504857 502854 500852
      500849 502847 504844 507844 510846 512849 518849 523847
      527844 529840 532835 534829 537816 539799
 0.01 464085 466077 465070 464060 461057 456056 451055 448053
      444053 442057 443062 440066 436068 434071 434078 437081
      444085 454086 458085 463085 464085
 0.01 456110 456102 455096 453092 447091 441090 436091 433092
      430088 424089 425093 427098 426103 424104 422106 421114
      422122 425125 429123 431118 432116 435116 441116 444118
      444121 448119 454112 456110
 0.01 431788 429785 426788 423791 419794 414795 413798 413805
      415809 417812 421811 424806 426803 429798 430793 431788
      431788
 0.01 416064 415060 412058 408057 406054 403053 399053 395053
      393055 391057 393061 391064 394064 400061 405063 399067
      401070 405071 408077 412073 413067 416064 416064
 0.01 404792 401788 398788 396791 395793 391793 389792 388794
      384797 381802 378807 378812 384809 387808 390803 395798
      400797 404792
 0.01 328777 328767 327762 325760 322758 319759 313762 305770
      301777 297781 295784 292785 288780 279781 272783 261791
      252799 247803 247809 249812 253814 257815 260814 263816
      267821 271825 268826 265824 259822 253819 242812 239810
      235811 233818 235832 236840 235848 232864 231872 230881
      228886 227892 227900 229909 232923 232942 232959 234967
      238972 241974 245975 251976 266974 270970 272967 276966
      285938 286931 285922 282906 281897 281887 282883 285881
      289877 293872 296866 299859 304855 308852 312845 314838
      314828 318798 321792 324786 327781 328777
 0.01 288814 286810 282809 278808 273809 269812 272816 272820
      271823 274824 278824 282823 286821 288816 288814
 0.25 519265 519258 518250 517242 515237 511225 506214 500204
      498201 495201 493203 491200 489199 487200 482201 473206
      470208 463208 460208 459210 456214 451217 446217 442218
      444223 447227 450229 449232 443232 439235 435238 430239
      423237 420234 414233 411227 408228 407231 405233 402232
      398234 395238 393240 392244 388247 374265 367272 364277
      365281 368283 373282 378280 386274 394268 402263 407260
      411258 417258 422256 431253 440250 450248 456250 462250
      466254 471256 477258 483260 487264 494273 499278 502280
      506279 510275 515270 519265
 0.25 522189 523185 523181 520175 514167 505161 500162 498164
      495162 481151 471150 467149 464152 456157 451157 446159
      442160 443166 447169 449175 451179 455182 458183 461181
      462177 461173 460167 461164 464165 469167 479172 486178
      492180 497179 501181 504184 508188 514191 519191 522189
 0.25 503252 502251 501248 499247 499248 499249 500251 500252
      502253 503252
 0.25 490654 490646 488637 484630 480629 472629 460633 442640
      419648 394656 386661 377668 369674 361682 354689 349697
      335712 332721 330727 331735 334739 339740 342740 344739
      349736 352737 351739 349744 351749 353754 355755 359755
      369751 378746 383745 386749 388754 391754 394752 400744
      406736 413729 429715 432712 436708 439704 444701 450693
      454689 458685 477676 482671 486666 489660 490654
 0.25 489231 488229 487227 487225 486225 484224 483223 481222
      479222 479223 479226 480228 480229 481231 481233 483234
      484234 486233 487233 488232 489231
 0.25 496151 495145 492140 487134 483130 478129 473130 470135
      469140 472142 478143 485145 490147 494151 496151
 0.25 455228 455226 453224 452225 451227 451230 452231 453230
      454229 455228
 0.25 444111 444108 442106 440105 439105 437106 435107 435108
      434109 435111 437111 438111 440111 442111 443111 444111
 0.25 310792 309788 305786 302787 299791 296794 294797 293803
      295807 298810 303808 305804 307801 309797 310792
 0.25 297840 296832 294829 289830 281832 273834 267834 265832
      261831 257832 254833 250838 250847 247854 239866 238874
      237882 237892 236900 236910 236920 236940 236950 237959
      240966 242969 246970 255969 261964 264958 267952 270943
      273937 275928 276921 273904 273895 274886 291864 297840
 0.25 285794 282792 278793 275794 271795 269796 266797 262797
      261801 265802 267803 270802 272801 274801 277801 279800
      283798 284796 285794
 0.25 244821 244819 243817 242816 240816 239816 237818 237820
      238822 239822 241822 243822 244821
 0.50 514264 516254 515245 513236 510230 505218 502212 498207
      494207 491205 487204 485205 482204 477208 473213 473219
      484222 489223 492229 493235 494238 497242 502247 505254
      506258 504260 501256 494244 491239 487236 484238 482237
      480234 477228 471228 466230 461231 454232 448234 443235
      435243 433244 429244 424240 421238 417237 414239 413243
      408247 403248 397250 387257 379265 376269 370273 368275
      368279 371280 374279 383274 418247 417251 418254 420254
      426252 432249 437248 446245 457242 461241 464242 470247
      475250 482253 487257 491263 495269 499274 504277 506275
      508271 514264
 0.50 485643 483636 480634 475633 470634 459638 448643 438646
      426650 407655 397657 392660 387663 373675 368684 362693
      359697 355699 348705 344708 341713 338717 337722 337726
      339729 341733 345735 350734 356733 359734 357736 356742
      361740 375728 378725 383725 390725 394726 390736 392741
      394740 400732 408724 416719 423713 431706 434702 438698
      444690 452684 458677 461673 467669 475664 479660 482657
      484649 485643
 0.50 490168 489165 488162 487159 484157 482155 479153 478157
      478161 480164 483165 484168 486169 489170 490168
 0.50 489139 488136 486133 484132 483133 479134 476134 474135
      472137 472139 475140 479140 480139 483140 484141 487141
      489139
 0.50 469223 471218 470214 467212 463211 460212 459215 457217
      454218 455223 457224 460226 463226 465225 468225 469223
 0.50 472161 473158 472157 471155 470155 468156 468157 468159
      468160 470162 471161 472161
 0.50 306795 307793 306791 304791 302792 301794 299796 298798
      298800 297800 298802 298803 300803 301802 303800 305798
      305797 306795 306795
 0.50 293847 293842 291839 285840 282838 279837 273839 257840
      252854 249861 244865 242871 242881 242890 242899 242907
      241917 240934 241953 240962 241965 244968 250967 254966
      255963 259947 263933 265917 271886 288865 293847
 1.00 512247 509237 506233 504228 504223 502217 501213 498210
      494211 492211 489209 479208 479213 480218 488221 491220
      493225 495236 497240 501243 508249 512247
 1.00 503273 504270 504268 502265 500258 497252 494247 492242
      489239 485240 485246 486248 490255 492261 495266 499270
      503273
 1.00 484245 483244 482242 482241 481239 480238 480236 479234
      479233 478231 476230 475231 473232 471233 471236 471238
      472240 472241 473242 474244 476244 478245 479246 481247
      483246 484245
 1.00 473645 472642 469643 462644 457645 452647 447651 443656
      434664 431668 429670 430673 428678 430686 434689 439685
      448680 453675 457670 463660 471650 473645
 1.00 466237 465234 464233 463233 464235 464236 465238 466237
 1.00 468220 469218 469215 468214 467214 466214 465215 463215
      461215 460217 459219 459220 457221 457222 458223 460223
      462224 463223 464221 464220 466221 467221 468220
 1.00 459237 459234 458234 457233 456234 455235 454236 453237
      451236 450235 448236 447236 446238 447240 449240 451240
      451239 453238 454239 456239 458238 459237
 1.00 431692 430690 427690 424691 422696 418701 415705 412712
      412716 415716 418712 422707 425701 429697 431692
 1.00 423667 407664 401665 394666 385671 380675 377679 375692
      371701 368704 363706 358709 352711 348714 344718 342723
      342727 344729 351729 357727 362726 363729 366729 373722
      379714 382710 382702 384698 391695 395693 398691 398688
      414675 417669 420669 423667
 1.00 396257 396256 395256 394256 393257 392258 390259 389259
      388260 387261 386262 386263 386264 388264 390262 392260
      394259 396257 396257
 1.00 403694 402693 402692 400691 399693 400695 401695 403695
      403694
 1.00 288850 287845 285844 277842 273843 269844 265849 263855
      263859 262864 260870 255875 252879 250885 250894 253901
      258901 262897 268884 271879 276875 280870 283864 286858
      287852 288850
 1.00 254929 255927 255925 255923 255921 253920 252921 252922
      251923 250925 249927 248929 248931 248933 248935 250936
      251935 252935 253933 253931 254931 254929
 1.00 246964 246963 245962 245960 244962 244963 246964 246965
      246964
 1.50 506240 505234 503230 502225 501220 499214 496213 494217
      493225 494230 496235 499239 502241 505242 506240
 1.50 499264 498258 497254 494249 492245 490242 487241 487246
      489251 491255 493260 495264 497265 499264
 1.50 489218 490216 490214 489212 488210 486210 484210 482211
      480213 481216 482217 483217 485217 487218 488219 489218
 1.50 480241 480240 480239 479236 478233 478232 476231 475232
      474232 473234 473236 473239 473240 475242 476242 478243
      480242 480241
 1.50 459657 458653 456652 452654 447660 444664 440669 439675
      439678 442679 446677 449675 451672 454668 457662 459657
 1.50 399674 397672 394672 390673 387674 384676 382678 381681
      380684 382686 385687 386687 389685 391683 394682 396680
      398677 399674
 1.50 372713 369709 365709 361711 357713 351715 348717 345721
      345726 348727 353726 356725 362723 367721 370718 371715
      372713
 1.50 286850 284846 281845 274844 271846 271851 271859 266866
      264872 265875 268876 274873 279869 282861 284854 286850
 2.00 503239 503233 503231 501228 500225 500220 499216 497215
      495217 494220 494225 494228 495231 496234 499237 501239
      503239
 2.00 497263 498259 497255 495252 494250 493247 491245 489242
      488241 487244 487246 489249 490252 491255 493258 494261
      495263 497263
 2.00 488215 488213 487212 486212 484211 483212 482213 482214
      482215 484215 485215 487216 488215
 2.00 479241 479238 479237 479236 478233 476232 474234 474236
      474237 475240 477240 478241 479241
 2.00 394678 393676 391676 389676 387677 386678 386680 386681
      388681 389681 390681 392681 393679 394678
 2.00 367714 366712 364713 360714 357715 353716 351718 348719
      346721 347725 349726 353725 356723 358722 361720 363719
      365717 367714
 2.00 284850 284847 281846 277845 273847 273853 273859 272863
      270866 268870 270872 274871 277869 279865 281861 282856
      283851 284850
 3.00 500235 501233 500230 500227 499225 499224 498221 496220
      496221 495223 495225 495228 495229 496231 497232 498234
      499235 500235
 3.00 496257 495254 494251 493251 492249 491248 491247 490247
      491249 491250 491253 492254 493256 493257 494259 496257
 3.00 478238 478235 477235 476234 475235 475237 477238 478238
 3.00 282852 282848 279847 276847 274849 274853 275855 275858
      274861 273864 272867 273869 275868 277865 278863 279861
      280856 280854 282852
 4.00 498229 498226 497225 496226 497229 498229
 4.00 277859 276857 276856 276857 276859 277860 277859 

24HR QP VT 24/12Z
 0.01 499321 486321 479318 475313 476306 475302 474300 468294
      465291 465285 467279 469275 471269 472262 468258 464256
      462254 457254 450257 441259 433259 417264 413265 411263
      407256 405254 401254 395255 387257 383258 379257 369254
      366253 368249 372245 374237 375232 378226 383217 384213
      385206 387202 392201 396200 399203 406207 410209 411214
      413212 415207 413202 410202 411199 413201 416203 418200
      420197 423186 424173 423161 420164 417162 420156 421152
      420147 421140 423138 427141 433142 439134 442129 443124
      441120 436118 430121 425120 423119 420116 421112 421107
      423100 423093 426089 429088 432090 438087 441083 442076
      440067 444058 446051 446044 447038 450032 452028 452020
      454015 457013 462017 468018 470011 471007 472000 472995
      471989 469989 469983 469969 469964 472959 479954 491960
      501960 505960 507962 505965 501966 498967 494972 491976
      489981 486991 485999 483005 485010 485017 488022 488025
      486029 486034 484038 484042 480052 480059 478066 475074
      474080 474086 477086 479084 480081 484062 484069 482073
      482078 482085 483091 486093 488090 491086 491090 489096
      485098 484104 483112 484118 487122 491123 494129 500135
      503126 504112 503104 504097 511094 515084 516074 516066
      514063 510058 508053 508048 508038 510034 511029 514019
      517015 518010 520004 519996 520989 521985 521979 520976
      514960 510949 506941 502932 499929 497926 495921 496916
      495911 492906 487899 485895 483892 483888 479865 476863
      473860 468853 465851 461851 457856 454857 451857 449853
      449850 455841 455834 456830 454826 449826 444827 442824
      441820 440815 443810 444803 444793 445788 446782 450779
      455772 457769 456762 454760 451760 447763 440769 439778
      437780 437775 435762 434751 437743 442736 446733 447728
      447722 449718 454708 458702 466696 472690 476682 481673
      483662 484656 487651 491646 496643 504640 509641
 0.01 548773 544772 540772 535779 533782 530782 524784 519781
      515775 511768 505758 501750 500757 501762 499778 496786
      493792 492795 492799 494806 495812 496816 498821 500824
      514848 527873 530878 534885 537894 539901 552928 556932
      560938 564955 566969 569983
 0.01 230948 232952 235956 244952 248948 250943 250929 250923
      252919 255908 258902 262897 267889 275885 282879 288875
      292871 296861 302855 308847 316839 320828 324820 329810
      341792 344783 344774 345769 347763 348756 350745 352733
      356723 366701 374697 380694 383691 385683 385676 386670
      384668 367680 362683 358685 352689 346692 343694 337696
      325699 313706 305712 301714 297715 294714 287715 281715
      233740 231744 229749 224755 220762 215769 212775 211779
      211785 216792 220800 225807 226819 226824 225831 225834
      222838 218845
 0.01 473196 473194 472193 472191 471189 470190 468191 466191
      465191 464192 463192 461193 461195 461198 462199 462201
      463201 465202 466202 467201 468200 469200 470199 472198
      473196
 0.01 429795 429793 428791 428788 428786 427786 426788 426789
      426791 425793 424794 424796 425798 425801 427800 427798
      428796 429795
 0.01 415123 415120 413120 414122 414123 415123
 0.01 406116 407114 407112 407110 405111 403111 401113 399113
      401113 403114 404116 406117 406116
 0.25 565045 557048 552047 547045 541038 538026 536997 536994
      534987 531974 528962 525951 523938 523930 525925 527923
      529925 533928 538936 539941 541948 542955 545960 550968
      555978 558988 562002 568022
 0.25 525257 521250 517241 514229 510220 506212 505208 505200
      507196 510193 517198 521207 525214 529218 531218 536221
      542198 535190 530176 527169 523162 519156 514153 473124
      469126 464127 459130 455135 451142 450146 446146 438145
      435150 434154 437160 442164 445169 447178 445184 445190
      449192 454189 462184 470173 477172 481179 482183 483179
      486177 490177 493183 496189 495192 492193 488197 483199
      472206 468207 462208 455207 451210 449212 446213 438212
      432215 428218 424219 421224 418228 415228 411225 407227
      405229 401229 403237 404240 406242 418246 423248 426248
      430245 433243 437243 444244 456244 466243 472247 477251
      480254 481257 484265 487271 490278 492282 499287 510296
 0.25 520668 514664 509662 501664 498666 496670 494679 496689
      499698 501700 506701 512701 516706 518710 522712 526705
      529697
 0.25 486228 485227 484227 482226 481225 479226 480228 482227
      484227 485228 486228
 0.25 458106 459099 457095 455095 453098 450100 446100 441101
      437102 435104 437107 440111 445111 447109 450107 452108
      457108 458106
 0.25 342739 342733 340729 336726 331727 325729 321733 316740
      311747 307755 300764 294769 281781 268796 265803 262807
      259809 250815 246818 244821 243830 240840 236851 233860
      233869 234880 236882 240883 246883 256883 261883 266882
      274878 288864 291858 298851 304843 309835 319821 324812
      329803 336786 338781 338775 340764 341751 342739
 0.50 522262 519258 516251 512236 506224 504218 502209 501202
      499199 497200 494202 492201 487201 482202 477205 472208
      467210 457212 451215 445216 440217 435220 430223 433228
      443235 454231 454234 453236 456238 467235 474244 480247
      485252 490264 494270 499274 506279 514287
 0.50 524182 524176 522170 516161 514159 511159 509161 507160
      497160 487156 483158 481161 483167 484170 487171 491173
      495176 504182 508186 512185 518186 522186 524182
 0.50 497244 495240 493235 492231 489227 486224 481222 477223
      475224 475227 478230 481231 484235 489238 492241 495245
      497244
 0.50 495146 489136 483133 478129 474128 471134 467138 461141
      458145 457155 456159 458162 464165 469163 473161 478159
      479156 477154 473149 472146 472141 477139 484140 491149
      495146
 0.50 425244 425242 424239 423238 421237 419236 418235 416235
      415236 414238 415241 417241 418242 419242 420243 422244
      424244 425244
 0.50 334765 334755 334750 332745 329744 326745 319748 315753
      311759 304772 299777 295782 286794 283800 281807 278815
      272818 258820 257824 255827 254831 255836 260838 262842
      261845 259848 258854 259860 265863 270868 272869 274868
      277865 282860 291852 297847 301842 309831 317818 324806
      330792 334778 334765
 1.00 502233 499216 498209 496207 493207 486205 480207 469213
      464214 459217 453220 449219 447219 444220 443222 446224
      450224 454221 457224 460226 471222 476219 479219 483220
      489223 494228 498233 502233
 1.00 480241 480239 479236 478233 476233 474234 473237 474238
      474239 475241 476242 478242 480242 480241
 1.00 327781 327769 326762 323758 321756 317757 314766 310774
      308778 305781 300787 295794 287810 285820 284824 283829
      283835 285839 291843 297838 304832 309826 314817 317811
      320802 324794 327783 327781
 1.50 495223 496218 495215 494211 491210 488209 484208 481209
      479209 477211 475213 475215 478216 482217 485219 488220
      491221 493222 495223
 1.50 470218 470217 468217 467217 467219 468220 469218 470218
 1.50 320769 321767 320765 319763 318765 318768 320769 320770
      320769
 1.50 320787 321777 318772 310782 302793 296804 291816 290823
      289831 292836 297835 301831 305826 312815 316802 319795
      320788 320787
 2.00 493217 493214 492214 491213 489212 487212 486211 484211
      483212 483214 484215 485216 487217 488218 490218 492218
      493217
 2.00 313800 313796 312794 308797 304802 301806 299811 296817
      294822 295828 298830 301827 305823 307818 310812 311806
      313800 

24HR QP VT 25/12Z
 0.01 499324 494323 492324 489323 478323 468324 454319 441314
      436314 429311 425308 418305 413303 410300 406299 402295
      399294 397295 398297 394297 391295 390292 388290 385298
      385300
 0.01 542197 539194 538189 535182 532183 528180 525171 519164
      515162 512158 509157 510162 509165 507164 503163 497161
      491155 492152 493151 495151 501154 493141 489134 485132
      481131 475132 473136 475139 478144 478149 475151 472151
      467146 464144 464150 465156 468157 471163 483170 488175
      495182 498193 504197 513201 518202 520205 521210 525210
      529217 531219 530224 528229 525239 524241 522241 520238
      514231 508223 506221 504215 501209 500199 495194 488198
      475207 470207 467209 462212 456214 451217 448220 447223
      449227 453228 456229 456233 453236 445236 438237 433236
      431235 431231 435225 438221 439217 441212 441208 441201
      440197 434180 426164 423165 421168 417175 416182 414186
      409193 405205 399210 397214 397220 392225 387230 383236
      377242 372248 367257 365262 367268 371273 375280 379290
      384300
 0.01 388647 396649 391656 389660 386662 384669 384673 383683
      384686 388684 391681 394681 392692 387698 383707 380715
      378726 375746 365762 362769 356776 344790 331799 324804
      319812 299839 293844 287851 284859 284864 283871 281878
      275885 271886 266886 262888 258887 253882 245879 237876
      233874 235870 234864 233861 231860 221857 219847 227846
      230846 234848 238834 239827 242821 241812 239805 233807
      226807 223805 222801 221794 215781 214775 217768 221756
      227747 231742 236737 238737
 0.01 517659 512654 509652 506655 489667 483673 478684 476696
      477702 475707 471714 467722 465727 464732 461744 457754
      453759 449761 445764 441767 437772 430778 427781 423782
      419786 415788 410796 398812 393819 390829 391833 395833
      398835 402839 404841 409840 414840 410845 407848 404852
      402856 401862 402875 404878 407880 410883 413884 422883
      430876 435876 439878 444880 444886 441899 441912 443916
      443923 443936 443940 447945 448946 447951 447957 443969
      451010 455010 458008 462001 465987 468984 474985 479987
      480982 482975 486972 488971 493970 502968 506968 508970
      507973 506986 503998 502005 500011 499024 501029 504032
      507034 512035 517036 520039 520041 523044 525048 531053
      535051 540051 545052 547049 552042 557031 560026 562021
      562004 563974 560943 560910 559901 560894 560875 559855
      559846 560836
 0.01 442106 443093 444086 443082 440060 437051 434045 430044
      427046 424048 420048 418052 418056 420057 423053 427054
      432056 433061 433068 436077 437081 436088 430093 426093
      425098 424103 421106 420112 422117 424118 428116 435112
      439109 442106
 0.01 421159 422157 422155 420152 420154 420157 419159 421159
      421159
 0.01 415066 416064 416062 414059 413059 412059 411061 410061
      410063 408065 408066 408068 408070 410073 412073 413073
      413071 412068 414067 415066 415066
 0.25 505311 500308 493303 488299 486297 484292 484284 480278
      477272 473266 470264 466264 461267 457271 452275 442281
      436284 431282 428279 428277 433272 437269 443264 452258
      457255 461249 468235 472231 475230 479233 483235 486233
      487230 486225 484223 480217 479216 480213 482212 487210
      491210 495212 500217 507229 514240 518247 522251 527251
 0.25 547811 542776 540755 539744 537735 535728 531724 527720
      524713 521707 516703 510703 505705 501709 500716 495729
      492735 489739 484745 479747 475747 472746 469748 466755
      466763 466770 468780 467788 464793 459793 456794 454797
      454802 455805 458811 459817 458822 459829 461844 465859
      467865 470872 476882 481886 485887 503896 512903 517905
      521909 524914 526920 527929 526935 527940 529949 532956
      538966 541969 543968 542963 541956 540945 540933 539921
      539906 540888 540880 540867 539858 539852 540831 547811
 0.25 418249 416244 411242 402243 395249 387256 381262 378266
      379272 383275 387275 398275 403274 406272 409266 409261
      412256 413252 415251 418249
 0.25 371720 370716 368716 366717 364719 362722 361725 360727
      359730 357733 358736 360736 361735 363733 365730 367728
      369725 370723 371720
 0.25 357741 355738 352735 348729 344727 339728 328730 321733
      312738 298747 290751 281753 273756 262758 254761 246765
      240771 238775 238779 240781 244783 252785 259787 265787
      270786 273788 275792 277797 278801 276803 271803 269806
      269810 272816 275818 277817 279819 280826 281828 284829
      299821 311809 322799 328793 333786 338781 343774 347766
      347761 349756 353748 357741
 0.50 525257 520253 516249 510241 503232 498224 496223 495226
      495233 495237 494241 489241 485244 484248 485253 487264
      488271 492276 493280 493290 496292 502294 510299
 0.50 524805 519782 519771 519766 517759 515756 511757 506764
      501770 499779 493785 491788 490793 488797 488804 491815
      493826 496837 498848 499853 502856 504858 509859 513858
      516854 521847 521834 521820 522808 524805
 0.50 484862 484855 482851 479847 477842 474840 471838 469838
      468841 470846 472850 474855 477860 479862 484862 484862
 0.50 341762 341755 339750 336746 332744 328743 324746 319754
      315762 310764 307768 303777 301778 298778 293777 290785
      286795 285814 286819 292818 296816 300813 306807 314802
      321795 326788 331780 336778 339775 341762
 1.00 522262 518258 513255 510252 507252 505258 498257 494253
      492253 491256 492263 494270 497276 499282 503287 509288
      513289
 1.00 323778 322775 319776 317777 316779 314783 313785 313788
      313791 317790 318788 320785 321782 322780 323778
 1.50 522266 518266 515264 512264 511271 509273 507273 505269
      502265 499263 496265 497271 499274 502278 504282 509284
      514286
 2.00 519274 517274 516275 515275 514277 513277 512279 512282
      513282 514283 515283 516283 





Last Updated: 350 AM EST WED NOV 22 2017