Hurricane Gustav - September 8-12, 2002

An area of showers developed between the Bahamas and Bermuda on 6 September in association with a
developing upper-level trough and a weak surface trough. The upper-level trough amplified over the next
two days in response to upstream ridging enhanced by Tropical Storm Fay over the Gulf of Mexico. As this
occurred, convection increased in both coverage and intensity and the surface trough became better defined.
A broad surface low formed in the system late on the 7th, becoming a subtropical depression by the morning
of the 8th. Later that day, an Air Force Reserve Hurricane Hunter aircraft investigated the cyclone and found
it had become Subtropical Storm Gustav.

Gustav moved erratically west-northwestward on the 9th as it slowly strengthened. On that day, the cyclone
had a large area of light winds near the center with multiple low-level cloud swirls. Gustav turned north early
on 10 September as convection became better organized near the center. Based on this and the development
of a band of strong winds closer to the center, it is estimated that the cyclone transformed into a tropical
storm during the morning of the 10th. Maximum sustained winds reached 65 mph while the center passed
between Cape Hatteras and Diamond Shoals, North Carolina that afternoon.

Gustav turned northeastward when it reached the Hatteras area, then accelerated northeastward on 11
 September in southwesterly flow caused by low pressure forming over the New England states and
southeastern Canada. In a complex process similar to that seen in Hurricane Michael in 2000,
the tropical cyclone intensified as it gradually began to merge with or absorb the non-tropical low.
Gustav became the 2002 season's first hurricane on the morning of the 12th and became a category
2 hurricane that afternoon. Thereafter, the cyclone began to weaken, and Gustav made landfall over
the southern part of Cape Breton, Nova Scotia after midnight on the 12 September as a 90 mph hurricane.
Satellite, surface, and radar data indicated the cyclone was becoming extratropical as it made a
second landfall over southwestern Newfoundland very early on the 13th. Gustav lost all tropical
characteristics by morning as it continued northeastward while decelerating across Newfoundland. The
remnant extratropical low moved into the Labrador Sea, where it turned northwestward late on 13
September and dissipated on 15 September.  Below is the track of Gustav, furnished by the
National Hurricane Center.  

The storm total rainfall maps below were constructed using data from the National Climatic Data Center.

Hurricane Gustav (2002) Rainfall Gustav (2002) Filled Contour Rainfall on Black Background
Gustav (2002) Filled Contour Rainfall on White Background

Below are the calendar for Daily Precipitation Maps.  Note that the 24-hour periods end
at 12z that morning.

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat

10 11