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Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) Discussion
 
(Latest Discussion - Issued 2124Z Jun 27, 2016)
 
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Abbreviations and acronyms used in this product
 
Geographic Boundaries -  Map 1: Color  Black/White       Map 2: Color  Black/White


QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
524 PM EDT MON JUN 27 2016


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JUN 28/0000 UTC THRU JUL 01/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

18Z UPDATE...
SOME REDUCTIONS WERE MADE TO PRELIM QPF ACRS THE MID ATLC BASED ON
RECENT HRRR RUNS. SIMILAR REDUCTIONS WERE MADE TO AREAS ACRS THE
SOUTHWEST BASED ON CONSENSUS OF RECENT HRRR RUNS.

...EASTERN U.S...

THE UPPER LEVEL JET STREAK ENTERING THE UPPER MS VALLEY EARLY THIS
AFTERNOON WILL HELP AMPLIFY THE NORTHERN STREAM SHORTWAVE TROUGH
AS IT DROPS ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES AND OH VALLEY DURING THE
PERIOD. THE AMPLIFICATION AND ATTENDANT HEIGHT FALLS WILL IN TURN
ENHANCE THE W-E/NW-SE LOW-MID LAYER FRONTOGENESIS ACROSS THE MID
ATLANTIC AND SOUTHEAST REGIONS RESPECTIVELY...WITH THE SHARPENING
PW GRADIENT ALONG THE SURFACE BOUNDARY AND ENSUING STRENGTHENING
NEGATIVE PW ADVECTION. AIDED BY MODEST BROAD-SCALE SUPPORT...
CONVECTION ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE FRONT WILL BE LARGELY TIED WITH
DAYTIME HEATING GIVEN THE WEAK LAPSE RATES ALOFT...AND BE MAINLY
PULSE-BASED CONSIDERING THE WEAK FLOW (BULK SHEAR VALUES AOB 20
KTS AHEAD OF THE FRONT). 

ON TUESDAY...THE BEST DYNAMICS (UPPER DIFFLUENCE AND DIVERGENCE)
WILL SHIFT INTO THE NORTHEAST AHEAD OF THE MAIN UPPER VORT
CENTER...AS THE S-SW DEEP LAYER FLOW ALIGNS NEARLY PERPENDICULAR
TO THE SURFACE FRONT. POSITIVE PW ANOMALIES ARE FAIRLY MINIMAL
(GENERALLY AOB 1 STANDARD DEVIATION ABOVE NORMAL)... THOUGH WITH
THE FORCING AN MODEST DAYTIME INSTABILITY PRESENT (MIXED LAYER
CAPES 1000-2000 J/KG)... LOCALIZED HIGHER RAINFALL AMOUNTS ON THE
ORDER OF 1-2" WILL BE POSSIBLE.


...GULF COAST...

THE ATMOSPHERE REMAINS TYPICAL OF SUMMER...WITH SUFFICIENT
MOISTURE IN PLACE WITH LIGHT FLOW ALOFT.
DIURNALLY-BASED...PREDOMINATELY PULSE CONVECTION AIDED BY GULF
BREEZE BOUNDARIES AND INTERACTION WITH STORM OUTFLOWS WILL GET
MORE OF A DYNAMICAL BOOST DURING THE PEAK HEATING HOURS ON TUESDAY
AS THE NORTHERN STREAM UPPER TROUGH PRESSES SOUTH INTO THE TN
VALLEY AND INITIAL SURFACE BOUNDARY FOLLOWS SUIT TOWARD THE GULF
COAST. DEEP-LAYER SHEAR WILL CONTINUE TO BE INSUFFICIENT FOR
SUSTAINED CONVECTIVE ORGANIZATION...HOWEVER GIVEN THE APPROACHING
FRONTAL ZONE (AND ENHANCED MOISTURE CONVERGENCE WITH GULF BREEZE
COMPONENT)...STRONG DEEP-LAYER INSTABILITY (SURFACE-BASED CAPES
2500-4000+ J/KG)...AND ANOMALOUS PWS BETWEEN 2-2.25" (AROUND 2
STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL)...WIDESPREAD 0.50-1.0+ RAINFALL
AMOUNTS ARE ANTICIPATED...THOUGH AS PER THE LATEST HIGH-RES CAMS
(INCLUDING THE WRF-ARW/NNMB)...LOCALIZED AMOUNTS OF 3+ INCHES ARE
EXPECTED.


...CENTRAL TO SOUTHERN PLAINS...

A SHORTWAVE TROUGH GRAZING ACROSS THE CENTRAL PLAINS E-SE OF THE
UPPER RIDGE WILL WORK WITH A REMNANT FRONTAL ZONE AND POOLED
MOISTURE TO PRODUCE THUNDERSTORMS WITHIN WNW FLOW ALOFT FROM NE TO
OK AND AR...WITH LOCALLY HEAVY RAIN. THE MODEL QPF SPREAD
CONTINUES TO BE SIGNIFICANT OVER THIS REGION... BASICALLY WITHIN A
WEAKLY DIFFLUENT FLOW ALOFT DOWNSTREAM OF THE UPPER RIDGE. WPC
STUCK WITH CONTINUITY AND TRIED TO KEEP UP WITH TRENDS...WHILE
CONFIDENCE IN THE 6-HOURLY DETAILS IS NOT HIGH. MUCH OF THE
GUIDANCE....INCLUDING SOME OF THE RECENT HIGH-RES CAMS...SHOW MCS
INITIATION LATE THIS AFTERNOON/EARLY EVENING WITH THE UPTICK IN
SOUTHEASTERLY LOW-LEVEL INFLOW COINCIDENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE
QG LIFT SUPPORT VIA THE RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION OF THE UPPER JET
STREAK SLIDING TO THE N-NE. THE ORIENTATION OF THE LOW-LEVEL
INFLOW NEARLY 180 DEGREES OFF THE MEAN FLOW WILL ALLOW FOR SLOW
MOVEMENT AND/OR BACK-BUILDING OF CONVECTION...WHICH GIVEN THE
CURRENT STATE OF THE FFG WILL MAKE FOR THE POSSIBILITY OF
SHORT-TERM RUNOFF ISSUES OVER ISOLATED AREAS. THUS A MARGINAL RISK
FOR EXCESSIVE RAINFALL IS NOTED OVER THIS REGION. LATER TONIGHT
INTO TUESDAY...WPC'S PREFERENCE WAS TO CONTINUE TO KEEP THE AXIS
OF HEAVIEST QPF WEST OF THE 850-300 MB THICKNESS DIFFLUENCE...OR
ESSENTIALLY THE DEMARCATION OF STRONGEST LOW LEVEL INFLOW.


...SOUTHWEST U.S....

EARLY SEASON MONSOONAL MOISTURE WILL CONTINUE TO CONTRIBUTE TO
WIDELY SCATTERED CONVECTION OVER NM/AZ...WITH SOME SPARSELY
SEPARATED ACTIVITY POSSIBLE INTO SOUTHERN CA AS WELL. WPC TOOK A
CONSENSUS APPROACH...BUT LEANED MORE HEAVILY TOWARD A BLEND OF THE
12Z NAM AND RGEM WITH THE 6 HOURLY DETAILS... WHICH DOES PERFORM
BETTER WITH RESPECT TO COVERAGE OF MEASURABLE PRECIPITATION INTO
THE DESERT AREAS WEST OF PHOENIX.



DAYS 2/3...

...WESTERN HIGH PLAINS...

THE BIGGEST STORM THIS QPF PERIOD (00Z WEDNESDAY TO 00Z FRIDAY)
WILL BE WITH A ROBUST SHORT WAVE FORMING EARLY DAY 2/WEDNESDAY AND
CROSSING THE HIGH PLAINS...POTENTIALLY BRINGING HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL TO PARTS OF KANSAS AND NEBRASKA. IMPRESSIVE
MOISTURE...LIFT...AND INSTABILITY POOLING ALONG A SURFACE BOUNDARY
AND NEAR A SURFACE LOW DROPPING THROUGH THE WESTERN HIGH PLAINS
LOOKS TO ALLOW FOR A COMPLEX OF THUNDERSTORMS TO FORM SOMETIME
OVERNIGHT TUESDAY/EARLY WEDNESDAY IN THE WESTERN HIGH PLAINS AND
MOVE IN A SOUTH-SOUTHEASTERLY DIRECTION. MOST MODELS CONTINUE TO
SHOW AREAL AVERAGED QPF IN THE 2 TO 3 INCH RANGE...WITH MUCH OF
THIS FALLING IN THE FIRST 12-HOURS OF DAY 2. THUS...A SLIGHT RISK
FOR EXCESSIVE RAINFALL WAS MAINTAINED FROM THE PREVIOUS SHIFT
ACROSS PARTS OF WEST-CENTRAL NEBRASKA INTO NORTHWEST KANSAS.

SYNOPTICALLY...MODELS AGREE ON PLACEMENT AND TIMING OF THE
SHORTWAVE ACROSS THE HIGH PLAINS BUT THERE ARE STILL SOME
DIFFERENCES HOWEVER WITH RESPECT TO MESOSCALE DETAILS AND STORM
MOTION. THIS CYCLE OF THE WPC QPF MAINTAINED CLOSE CONTINUITY WITH
THE PREVIOUS SHIFT...WHICH PUTS THE MOST WEIGHT ON THE 12Z GFS.
THE QPF COVERAGE OF THE 12Z ECMWF TRENDED CLOSER TO MODEL
CONSENSUS FROM PREVIOUS RUNS...BUT STILL SHOWS LESS AREAL QPF THAN
THAT OF THE GFS/UKMET/NAM.

...GREAT LAKES TO NORTHEAST/NEW ENGLAND...

AN UPPER LEVEL SHORTWAVE TROUGH WILL MOVE OVER THE LOWER GREAT
LAKES EARLY WEDNESDAY BEFORE LIFTING INTO FAR SOUTHEAST CANADA BY
LATER IN THE DAY...CLIPPING PARTS OF NEW ENGLAND IN THE MEANTIME.
A COLD FRONT AT THE SURFACE SHOULD BECOME A FOCUS FOR CONVECTION
ON WEDNESDAY GIVEN SIGNIFICANT MOISTURE IN PLACE AND A STRONG
UPPER LEVEL JET ON THE EAST SIDE OF THE UPPER SHORTWAVE. THE
PREVIOUSLY FASTER GFS HAS NOW COME INTO BETTER AGREEMENT WITH THE
REST OF THE GUIDANCE WITH ITS 12Z RUN. THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A
COMBINATION OF 12Z ECMWF AND THE 12Z GFS.

BEHIND THIS...A SECOND SHORTWAVE TROUGH AND SURFACE COLD FRONT
DROPS INTO THE UPPER MIDWEST BY THE SECOND HALF OF DAY 3/THURSDAY.
THIS WILL BRING SOME ADDITIONAL PRECIPITATION...MAINLY FOCUSED
ALONG THE BOUNDARY...TO MUCH OF THE UPPER MIDWEST AND UPPER GREAT
LAKES. THE 12Z GFS AND ECMWF WERE SIMILAR ENOUGH IN THE MASS
FIELDS TO BE USED IN A BLEND TO GENERATE THE WPC PROGS.

...GULF COAST/SOUTHEAST/SOUTHERN MID-ATLANTIC...

THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF THE FRONT MOVING THROUGH THE NORTHEAST ON
WEDNESDAY WILL MOVE TOWARDS THE GULF COAST AND SOUTHEASTERN
STATES...EVENTUALLY BECOMING STATIONARY BY THURSDAY. CONVECTION
SHOULD FOCUS MAINLY ALONG AND SOUTH OF THE BOUNDARY...AND GIVEN
DECREASING MOISTURE...PRECIP SHOULD ALSO DECREASE IN COVERAGE WITH
TIME. THE EXCEPTION TO THIS WILL BE ACROSS FLORIDA WHERE THE
TYPICAL SUMMER SEA BREEZE CONVECTION WILL CONTINUE. BY
THURSDAY...PRECIPITATION LINGERS ACROSS FLORIDA AND ALONG THE
IMMEDIATE GULF COAST...AS WELL AS ACROSS PARTS OF THE EASTERN
CAROLINAS NEAR A WEAK SURFACE LOW ALONG THE COLD FRONT. THE WPC
QPF FOLLOWED A BLEND OF THE 12Z GFS AND THE 12Z ECMWF.

...SOUTHWEST/FOUR CORNERS...

MONSOONAL MOISTURE LIFTING NORTHWARD ACROSS THE SOUTHWEST...ALONG
WITH SMALL SCALE IMPULSES MOVING ALONG AN UPPER RIDGE...WILL SET
OFF SCATTERED CONVECTION ACROSS THE SOUTHWEST AND AND INTO THE
ROCKIES BOTH WEDNESDAY AND THURSDAY. ENHANCED AMOUNTS SHOULD FOCUS
ALONG THE FAVORED TERRAIN OF THE SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES.
THIS CYCLE OF THE WPC QPF STAYED CLOSE TO PREVIOUS SHIFT
CONTINUITY...PUTTING MORE WEIGHT ON THE HIGH-RES 12Z GFS...AS THE
ECMWF CONTINUED TO BE MUCH LIGHTER IN COVERAGE.
 

HURLEY/SANTORELLI





24HR QP VT 29/00Z
 0.01 541176 542171 542165 542158 543152 543147 542143 543139
      544136 544129 542122 539118 538115 535114 532109 529105
      526100 523099 522096 518097 515100 511107 506118 502116
      499115 498113 491111 488113 484117 480120 478123 477124
      474130 474134 475136 480140 489146 496154 502163 506166
      512169 521176 526179 531181 537180 541176
 0.01 548001 548985 548980 547971 546957 541949 535947 531947
      529949 527949 520955 515960 504972 499980 497984 497993
      504011 514027 516031 518033 528034 535030 540022 545014
      546009 547003 548001
 0.01 511199 512192 512187 508181 506179 503180 497182 485187
      481193 479198 477202 472206 467209 461213 462217 466218
      471219 472223 474226 478225 483221 490219 492217 493212
      491211 487211 486208 488206 493204 500202 507201 511199
 0.01 496665 495661 495655 492653 490648 488642 485645 481649
      476651 473649 468651 460656 449667 428699 416716 412723
      404728 397733 386736 374738 369736 363737 358738 355741
      351742 348745 339759 329775 323784 321795 316816 313823
      308823 308819 310815 308812 300809 291805 281801 274798
      271797 266797 263797 264795 267792 269788 268785 246791
      241794 239798 241803 245805 253803 252811 253813 253817
      256824 259827 263828 266822 274826 278828 283827 290829
      293832 296836 298840 299846 300858 297880 290886 286894
      283905 280915 280926 280933 282937 290941 291946 290951
      287963 292973 299988 303996 314996 323995 335995 344996
      353998 362002 361007 364010 369010 372009 373011 367019
      361025 358028 356032 351042 351048 353053 346055 340055
      341052 344050 344045 341042 338040 328040 324036 319034
      312029 308027 303027 294029 291036 288033 284032 275034
      272033 268031 264022 260012 257009 252008 249016 248028
      240028 237034 234039 232043 230053 232065 237073 242080
      246087 247091 251092 254093 257092 259090 261092 264095
      270101 273105 278107 283108 288109 308110 316113 326114
      330117 333121 337131 340135 343135 349141 352144 357146
      361147 360153 359159 363162 367160 370157 372154 374148
      378139 377132 379127 375123 372124 366118 371110 368100
      369091 366087 367083 371080 372079 373082 377084 379088
      377093 375099 377103 379104 382101 385097 390090 386081
      386078 388078 390082 394079 394066 402058 404056 408054
      418055 424058 427061 426065 427070 430075 432078 437079
      443075 449068 454057 455052 452046 450044 449041 450038
      457033 459033 459030 460023 460016 458010
 0.01 458010 455999 453993 449989 446986 442985 438987 438991
      439998 438001 435001 432001 432003 430010 428016 424013
      421001 420996 421990 419975 418969 418961 418954 416949
      413946 411946 408946 407943 405939 402935 399934 395937
      393945 391957 387956 381958 373962 369964 365962 355957
      351954 349952 351950 359945 361942 361936 361929 359923
      359916 356910 351901 350896 351891 351885 352879 359873
      362869 364862 366849 369838 372834 374836 375841 377846
      379843 382835 386826 391818 394813 397808 399801 400795
      400782 403777 407773 411771 416772 419775 424776 429774
      432771 435768 439765 442793 442801 444807 439818 435821
      432825 431828 432834 435836 438841 447843 451846 453850
      451853 448859 445863 439870 436874 433880 430890 436897
      443901 451904 453903 454900 455894 456891 457886 459879
      464869 468856 470851 470844 471832 468771 468767 472763
      474749 475738 476731 478727 487703 489693 491681 494671
      496665
 0.01 477217 477215 475212 474214 473216 475219 476218 477217
 0.01 477152 478149 475147 471145 467147 465152 466157 468158
      469162 465165 460165 459174 457176 456174 455171 452171
      451174 454179 459181 463180 465174 469170 472168 475164
      471160 477152 477152
 0.01 459776 458774 456774 455776 455779 457781 458778 459776
 0.01 401150 402146 400143 398141 396142 391139 388134 385133
      383136 381139 382140 385143 387148 384151 381153 379158
      382158 384155 387153 392154 397152 401150
 0.01 375189 374184 370181 367179 366173 364170 359169 355169
      357172 357178 357183 360186 365188 369190 373191 375189
 0.01 347165 347163 346159 344157 341155 339154 335154 334156
      333158 333161 334164 336166 339167 343167 345166 347165
 0.25 489660 485657 482657 480660 476665 472670 461689 456702
      449712 441709 436713 433718 420738 416741 411743 398746
      393743 387742 376745 367751 361754 356759 342778 331794
      324803 322808 321814 322821 321828 319833 316841 314847
      313848 310849 305845 303846 304849 305856 305864 304876
      301889 298893 294897 292903 291908 286919 285926 287932
      293933 297937 294950 294954 294959 297963 302965 306963
      309959 312954 315947 320945 325947 327950 326957 327964
      330971 333975 337979 343985 347987 354989 359987 360984
      358982 349974 341965 336956 334952 334949 331942 329937
      328931 332923 334917 338917 343917 342910 340904 338895
      338882 341869 343863 343853 348844 355837 358833 360830
      366820 373810 374808 375804 377796 379792 383787 390777
      391772 390767 393763 397760 403758 409758 417762 424761
      430757 435754 440751 451752 457749 461743 469721 477699
      482687 487674 487665 489660
 0.25 437038 438035 436033 435031 434030 433029 431028 430028
      429030 429032 429034 430035 431037 433039 434040 436039
      437038
 0.25 411019 411011 409003 407995 403990 401988 399984 398977
      397971 396968 390965 385966 380971 377976 372981 369986
      369995 372001 378005 381012 383018 385020 389021 396021
      403021 407021 411019 411019
 0.25 366106 366105 366103 365101 363100 362101 363102 363103
      364105 366106 366106
 0.25 363092 362090 360091 359094 360094 362093 363092
 0.25 364079 364076 363075 362074 362073 360073 359074 359076
      360077 360078 361079 363079 364079
 0.25 363054 361053 359053 359054 357055 357056 357057 359056
      360056 361055 363054 363054
 0.25 351119 349113 346109 343103 342096 334088 333082 333073
      329069 326068 323070 323074 322078 324080 327081 326089
      333094 333099 336104 344113 347117 351119
 0.25 330105 332103 332101 331099 331098 329098 328098 327098
      325100 326102 326103 328105 329105 330105 330105
 0.25 335049 336047 335046 333046 331046 329046 328046 327047
      325048 324050 325052 326053 326055 326057 327058 328058
      330057 329055 329053 331051 332051 334050 335049
 0.25 314105 315103 315101 314099 312099 311098 309098 308100
      308102 308104 309107 310107 312107 313106 314105
 0.25 312062 313060 313058 312056 310054 310053 309051 308051
      307050 305049 303049 302049 300050 301053 302055 303056
      304057 305058 306059 306060 308062 310063 312062 312062
 0.25 306095 305091 301089 299085 299080 300075 300071 295063
      290056 291054 289050 280048 272050 252047 243048 240050
      236053 235058 235061 238065 241068 248072 254077 261083
      266084 268084 269087 276090 281092 287092 296095 301096
      306095
 0.25 295813 293812 293811 291811 289810 288811 287812 288813
      289814 290815 292815 293815 295813
 0.25 285819 282815 280809 278806 274806 269810 266810 261807
      258806 255808 258812 264814 268818 274820 279820 283820
      285819
 0.50 467712 465707 464705 462705 459708 457712 455717 454722
      453728 452733 454739 457736 460731 461728 464723 466719
      467713 467712
 0.50 441735 440733 437734 433739 430738 426741 423744 418748
      416753 418757 425756 429752 431747 434742 439738 441735
 0.50 393750 390745 386745 382745 376748 372752 364759 358771
      352782 346790 340789 336792 329802 326807 325810 326815
      330818 330822 324831 322838 324844 321858 316868 308875
      307881 305888 303895 299899 295904 295910 288919 288925
      290928 293929 298931 304934 309935 314933 320924 324921
      326919 328915 330911 332903 334889 335875 338860 338847
      341836 343829 346827 347830 347834 351834 355830 358823
      359816 360810 363807 364810 367810 370806 373799 375792
      378787 380785 380781 376779 371782 371779 373774 378768
      393750
 0.50 401012 402006 399002 397000 392000 388995 384989 381987
      376987 374989 373993 374999 381003 386008 390014 394015
      398014 401012
 0.50 354983 353982 352980 350979 349978 348977 347976 346976
      344975 343975 342976 343977 343978 344980 344981 346982
      347982 348983 350983 351983 353984 354983
 0.50 305954 306952 306949 306947 305945 303944 301944 299945
      298947 297948 297949 296952 296954 297956 299957 301956
      303956 305954 305954
 0.50 296077 297075 296075 295075 294077 296079 296077
 0.50 293067 293065 291062 288060 287058 288056 287054 285052
      283051 281052 280055 280059 282061 283064 285066 286068
      288070 291071 293069 293067
 0.50 288081 288078 289075 285071 271067 265064 261060 260056
      258055 254054 246053 239054 237056 236060 237063 240065
      246068 251072 254077 260080 263082 267082 271082 275083
      277088 280090 283089 283086 288081 288081
 0.50 277815 276813 275812 273812 271814 270814 271816 272816
      273816 275817 277816 277815
 0.50 264054 263053 261053 261054 263054 264054
 1.00 386751 385750 383750 381751 380752 378755 377756 376758
      377758 379757 380756 382755 384754 385752 386751
 1.00 374760 373759 373758 371758 370759 369759 368761 368763
      369763 370766 371765 372764 372763 374761 374760
 1.00 353802 353799 352799 351800 350800 349802 351803 352802
      353802
 1.00 346807 346805 345805 344807 346807 346807
 1.00 332869 332867 332865 332863 332861 332859 333856 331855
      330857 329858 329859 328861 328863 327866 326868 326870
      326872 326874 327875 327874 328873 330873 332872 332871
      332869
 1.00 314905 314901 313898 310899 308900 306902 304904 302905
      301908 300912 300916 301919 304918 306916 307914 309911
      311909 313907 314905
 1.00 275079 275077 274076 272075 271075 271074 269074 267074
      267075 265076 267078 268079 270079 272080 274080 275079
 1.00 265076 265074 264072 263072 262070 260069 259067 258067
      257066 255065 253065 252067 252069 253070 253071 254073
      255073 256074 258074 260074 261076 262076 263077 265076
 1.00 250065 249063 249062 248061 246060 244059 243058 242058
      241057 240058 240060 240062 242064 244065 246066 247066
      248066 249065 250065 

24HR QP VT 30/00Z
 0.01 560867 560857 559850 556843 553838 549825 547821 545817
      541817 538815 526817 524820 520821 513827 506832 499839
      495846 491855 487863 484872 475892 467915 465920 462925
      456932 444943 435940 425939 417942 409946 405946 402944
      398942 395944 368943 371952 374958 371963 368972 366983
      368994 372003 378010 384015 391020 389025 389032 387039
      383041 380041 378039 375034 374031 372029 368027 366030
      362038 356044 354059 350063 343063 332062 327062 323065
      319066 313066 305065 297062 290057 283051 278048 270044
      262040 258038 252037 248036 242036 238037 236040 234045
      235049 234056 232060 239069 243076 249083 260098 266104
      272109 293131 299137 302142 306145 310147 316148 321143
      330144 333145 335143 336135 339134 342135 346136 350137
      352135 355135 372133 375137 375143 376149 373154 371161
      374164 378164 382160 384156 390154 396154 400155 403151
      407145 404144 401143 399141 395135 394131 396128 399125
      400121 403122 408124 411124 413123 415120 417116 416111
      411103 402102 392104 384104 384099 387095 389091 392089
      396086 400082 406075 408069 410064 412062 416060 426061
      431068 437075 438078 438083 437092 437101 440105 445111
      467115 471110 473108 470103 468099 465096 459091 455083
      455077 454071 451063 451059 454055 453042 456036 457030
      462028 465024 470012 472008 476004 480002 483004 483009
      486019 487030 493054 496064 499072 501075 503078 501080
      498082 493081 486085 483087 481092 479101 479108 479114
      481120 477121 474125 473127 474131 475136 481144 489150
      495156 502163 509167 514171 516175 519180 520185 522197
      527204 531208 534207 536206 538202 539197 541195 542188
      545176 546172 546166 547149 546144 546136
 0.01 546136 547127 546121 546106 550104 552100 553083 552076
      550071 549066 546060 544055 543050 543041 544036 546029
      549023 551018 552012 553005 552999 552990 550985 548972
      544960 543958 543954 547950 552944 556933 558927 558919
      559916 559912 559905 556892 555885 556878 558873 560868
      560867
 0.01 511676 510663 508648 506638 501633 496628 493628 487633
      480636 472644 467648 459650 447655 442659 436666 431670
      425677 415688 413690 409692 402696 394698 388700 382702
      376704 373704 370702 366698 358696 352697 348698 345700
      339704 329715 322727 310752 304763 302769 298772 293773
      291775 284777 277780 273782 268783 239780 232782 230786
      231797 235800 256817 265823 274829 280832 284835 286839
      285846 285852 287855 288862 287865 282866 277869 272873
      268878 266882 263896 262903 262913 263931 265939 266951
      270966 277980 281991 286995 291002 303006 309007 311007
      313003 314996 310990 308981 308969 309960 311951 316937
      319922 322905 322889 322880 323876 324873 326866 328861
      328857 334822 336818 338821 339823 340827 341831 344834
      351833 354829 358826 361821 363818 363813 364795 364790
      366787 369779 371770 374770 376773 373788 377792 382789
      387784 393780 403774 414768 424759 429764 431763 434759
      438753 440753 444754 448761 455760 458761 462761 466760
      470759 479750 487742 491737 496733 501727 505720 507711
      508703 509700 509695 510687 511676
 0.01 509128 508126 507125 506125 505123 503122 502124 502126
      503128 505128 506129 508129 509128
 0.01 383195 383190 382188 379185 375183 370179 366172 363165
      359164 356166 355170 356173 358176 361178 361184 366189
      371195 374197 379197 383195
 0.25 552857 550851 547852 543853 540855 538867 536872 533877
      529883 527886 530891 532891 535892 540890 543888 545884
      546881 543876 543872 547863 550860 552857
 0.25 524034 524028 523026 522023 521019 519017 517014 514012
      513017 515020 515025 516027 517030 519033 522036 524034
 0.25 505667 505660 504655 502646 498641 492640 486643 481647
      473658 469664 463668 453676 443686 435696 426707 422713
      420721 420725 417731 414738 416745 421746 424744 429740
      434737 441734 448735 454736 461738 466738 472734 477730
      484719 491705 496691 502679 505667
 0.25 449075 448074 447072 446072 445072 444072 445073 446075
      448076 449075
 0.25 445026 446019 444013 443005 442000 443986 442979 440974
      436971 436968 432966 428966 421968 415968 407967 402965
      396964 384965 379967 377972 377983 377992 379997 386004
      395009 399012 401016 409024 416029 426033 432035 434040
      437043 442043 445029 445026
 0.25 385122 385120 384120 383118 382117 381117 379117 377118
      377119 377121 378123 379124 380125 382125 383124 384123
      385122
 0.25 375189 373187 372186 371185 370184 368183 366185 368187
      369188 371189 373189 374189 375189
 0.25 375731 374718 372715 369713 362711 355711 348716 343720
      335731 331738 328745 323759 317771 313787 311791 309794
      306796 302795 296794 287795 272798 259805 258809 260812
      266816 280818 288818 293821 298827 299830 300836 300848
      301859 302870 297874 289883 283888 278894 275900 272908
      271917 272924 273933 275940 281954 285962 288964 292964
      297960 300954 303945 304936 306920 306910 307899 312884
      315878 317872 318861 319853 322834 327819 339793 342785
      345779 352766 362758 370744 374736 375731
 0.25 379074 380067 377063 373061 368059 364061 360063 357067
      360071 362074 364076 366074 371073 376075 379074
 0.25 375053 374053 372052 370052 370053 372054 374053 375053
 0.25 366090 364089 362088 361087 359087 358087 357089 356091
      356093 356094 358096 360095 362094 364093 365092 366091
      366090
 0.25 356122 357117 356113 353106 348101 343096 339091 334090
      333092 330096 327098 326101 328104 334108 338113 344118
      350122 356122
 0.25 323102 322098 320097 315094 308088 299083 291077 283071
      277063 270057 261053 256051 250049 243050 241052 238057
      239062 245070 258084 265091 272097 279104 288108 297115
      301117 305117 312116 315113 321104 323102
 0.50 502668 502662 501657 498651 494650 487650 484653 480658
      474667 465677 456685 448694 441703 437707 433712 430723
      426729 422734 419738 419740 423741 427736 432732 444729
      452727 458724 468722 473718 476714 482703 490693 495683
      500675 502668
 0.50 441024 440018 438015 432011 426005 419001 416998 415994
      416984 413982 409980 402977 395973 387970 382971 381976
      383986 385996 390002 397006 402011 413022 421026 430027
      438027 441024
 0.50 369732 367728 364724 363720 359719 354721 351723 346729
      337743 333749 330757 327764 324773 324791 326797 329796
      334791 337783 341776 345768 348760 356748 367735 369732
 0.50 326805 323804 318808 315811 308813 303816 301819 303823
      306827 309833 311839 309846 308852 308858 310858 314856
      317843 317835 319830 323818 326805
 0.50 301907 300900 298895 295892 291894 282899 279903 278908
      277916 278923 279930 280935 285945 286950 290953 294950
      297945 299935 300920 301907
 0.50 292092 290085 287081 283076 279074 274070 271066 263058
      257055 252054 246056 246062 248067 252071 260078 265081
      268085 271090 276094 282096 287095 292092
 0.50 281807 278806 274805 272805 269805 265806 263807 264810
      266812 268812 271813 275813 278812 280809 281807
 1.00 499664 497660 494658 488659 483664 480668 471680 465692
      459706 457713 459717 464714 470709 473703 477697 482693
      486688 493676 499664
 1.00 454710 452709 451709 449709 448712 449713 451713 453711
      454710
 1.00 432021 430016 427013 419006 412998 409994 406990 403986
      400983 395981 393981 392984 394995 397000 401004 408010
      414017 419020 425022 430022 432021
 1.00 347749 345747 341749 339753 337757 335761 334765 334771
      335773 338769 340765 341762 343757 345753 347749
 1.00 294920 294916 295912 293909 290908 286910 285912 284914
      284917 285920 286925 287927 288929 291929 292927 293922
      294920
 1.00 260070 259067 258067 257066 255065 254065 255065 255067
      256068 258069 258070 260070 260070
 1.50 489672 487671 484673 480674 478676 476679 474681 474685
      477685 480685 483682 485681 487678 488675 489672
 1.50 426018 423013 419008 415005 410001 406996 405994 401995
      401000 406005 409008 413012 418017 423019 426018
 1.50 400989 399988 398988 399990 400989
 2.00 423015 420013 419010 417009 415007 413005 410003 408001
      406003 408004 410006 412008 415009 416013 418014 420015
      423015 

24HR QP VT 01/00Z
 0.01 543166 544157 544152 544144 542139 531121 529119 525117
      521107 514092 502075 498069 492062 488060 483060 479062
      477067 479079 480086 477086 475084 464070 460066 457060
      458054 456050 457046 457034 457027 459023 467006 470996
      480993 483005 488011 491013 496012 503006 509997 514988
      517978 521966 523954 524936 523923 520912 520903 526897
      532891 536876 539864 541858 540852 533832 525812 519808
      515806 513804 512800 511791 512781 512775 511770 506771
      503769 494771 486773 482779 471796 465804 459812 437844
      432850 427859 422867 417877 411896 409904 408908 405910
      395915 381915 368915 362915 358917 346928 339934 339943
      342944 343947 344951 346954 351953 356953 358958 360965
      357968 355972 356975 355980 353985 348990 342995 336000
      333010 332015 334019 336023 339027 331050 333059 334071
      327075 323077 317077 313078 307077 299071 292067 285064
      270058 265051 261048 257046 249042 243040 234044 232048
      231054 232059 235064 241072 241078 244080 246084 249087
      256094 263099 270103 276108 281114 287119 293124 303129
      311133 319136 325138 327142 336141 346137 349133 353131
      360128 361123 366120 370118 376119 381121 383122 385120
      388120 393119 396119 399122 407124 410117 413106 414103
      414095 410087 410081 413076 420077 422078 423081 426092
      427097 430102 436109 441117 449122 456128 460131 466132
      470133 474136 482138 487146 491153 500172 505181 510188
      516195 519199 524201 531195 535185 539181 540175 542166
      543166
 0.01 515680 514668 513662 512658 509649 504641 496632 492629
      486628 470630 462633 460636 456637 434635 421641 415647
      409651 404656 400660 395664 390665 378673 375675 371677
      366682 355691 345701 328724 323734 317746 314752 311758
      300766 290776 282778 277780 275782 271788 263790 256793
      250798 248800 247803 248811 251816 255820 265829 269834
      270838 268843 266849 263857 260863 258872 256889 256899
      255907 255915 256922 257930 258936 262951 265959 269965
      274968 278968 282970 282975 284978 292979 296979 297977
      299975 300970 303952 303917 306883 308875 309864 313862
      315860 316856 317851 318844 321836 324829 329824 331822
      335820 334827 333828 335831 338834 346833 355833 360830
      364824 376816 383812 389806 393802 397796 399787 399783
      398777 396772 391769 377771 375770 374767 374761 374754
      372749 369741 369737 372735 377730 381725 385719 387713
      391707 398703 412694 413692 417693 418702 422704 425703
      425701 428697 435693 448690 452689 457690 462693 464697
      465703 459711 447718 447720 451723 457722 463718 466720
      468722 469732 468737 468738 470741 472743 476742 478740
      485738 488735 491734 503723 508716 510710 513703 514696
      515680
 0.01 424177 425172 424167 424157 425146 426134 424131 421130
      417135 415139 414144 413149 414153 413165 413169 414174
      418180 421181 423179 424177
 0.01 434997 434995 434992 433990 431991 430992 429993 427993
      426994 427996 429997 431999 432998 434997
 0.01 401150 402144 398142 393140 390139 384138 382135 379137
      378142 380145 383148 389149 394150 399151 401150
 0.01 411001 407999 404000 396002 389002 380003 378010 377016
      379019 386022 393018 399015 404009 408005 411001
 0.01 392200 392195 391190 386185 379181 374177 368171 365170
      362170 362175 364177 363181 363184 365187 368190 373195
      380198 387202 392200
 0.25 525163 525158 524152 521146 518143 515142 513144 510149
      512155 514158 516161 520165 523165 525163
 0.25 494674 493666 492660 490654 487652 483654 481657 479663
      478668 477674 478676 481679 485681 488682 492679 494674
      494674
 0.25 502885 501873 500866 499854 496846 495836 493829 492825
      489822 483820 477822 472826 467831 463836 457849 452863
      447869 442872 438877 441883 444889 445898 444918 444923
      442927 440933 439937 440941 445942 452939 455935 459928
      462920 466906 468900 473894 485894 490896 495896 499890
      502885
 0.25 439038 435034 432031 427030 423030 411030 405030 401033
      395034 391035 382038 375038 371040 365048 357053 357064
      358070 361073 367072 371073 375082 378084 381085 388084
      392083 395079 400069 413054 417050 421050 425054 430056
      433054 434050 434046 435042 439038
 0.25 430947 430940 428935 426933 423929 420928 416930 414935
      416940 419945 421949 424952 428949 430947
 0.25 384701 384697 383694 379693 375694 370697 367701 364699
      361700 355703 352707 339724 332733 326744 322755 317763
      314768 309773 301779 291786 284792 275800 272801 266800
      259799 255801 253804 256809 265814 271816 277816 282814
      285808 290807 296807 302806 307808 317811 332795 347780
      349787 353791 357795 359796 362794 364789 363779 360769
      358768 357772 355774 351776 347774 352749 357736 359732
      363729 370719 373715 378711 382706 384701
 0.25 400956 398951 393947 384940 377932 373932 370937 370943
      373949 374956 373965 371971 369976 369981 371983 377984
      383985 389981 392978 396972 400959 400956
 0.25 363092 363086 361081 358075 354075 351078 344083 335085
      330090 323094 315097 305096 298094 290081 283076 277073
      269069 263064 257059 250054 248054 244057 242062 244067
      252079 265091 276100 282105 286108 291110 299114 307116
      313116 317115 320112 324111 338112 342120 346120 349119
      349114 346110 345102 344092 345088 351090 357093 361093
      363092
 0.25 302880 302873 302868 300861 298857 295855 293855 289858
      286861 277877 271892 266911 264920 265931 268940 272941
      276941 281940 283937 284931 284925 290906 292898 297891
      300886 302880
 0.50 478840 478837 476839 475840 476842 478840 478840
 0.50 476842 472843 468846 464854 460863 457874 457886 456891
      455898 456902 458903 461898 466890 468880 469866 470855
      473845 476842
 0.50 392050 393048 394046 392043 390043 389043 387043 385044
      383045 381046 379046 379049 381051 383052 385052 386052
      388052 389052 390052 392051 392050
 0.50 390968 390965 390963 389961 388959 388958 387959 386959
      385961 384963 384965 384968 385970 386971 387971 389970
      390968
 0.50 349738 350732 348727 343732 338738 333743 329751 327760
      327764 325768 320774 307782 301788 299792 299795 301797
      305799 309798 317794 322789 327783 336769 340763 344755
      347748 349738 349738
 0.50 283088 282085 279082 272081 268074 263070 256066 249063
      248067 250071 254076 260080 268082 274085 280090 283088
 0.50 281912 282906 281900 277899 273902 271906 270911 269915
      269921 272925 274925 277923 279919 281913 281912
 1.00 340749 340746 339746 338747 337747 336749 334752 333754
      333756 333759 335758 337756 338753 339751 339749 340749