Skip Navigation Links weather.gov 
NOAA logo - Click to go to the NOAA homepage National Weather Service   NWS logo - Click to go to the NWS homepage
The Weather Prediction Center

 
 

 

Follow the Weather Prediction Center on Facebook Follow the Weather Prediction Center on Twitter
NCEP Quarterly Newsletter
WPC Home
Analyses and Forecasts
   National High & Low
   WPC Discussions
   Surface Analysis
   Days ½-2½ CONUS
   Days 3-7 CONUS
   Days 4-8 Alaska
   QPF
   PQPF
   Flood Outlook
   Winter Weather
   Storm Summaries
   Heat Index
   Tropical Products
   Daily Weather Map
   GIS Products
Current Watches/
Warnings

Satellite and Radar Imagery
   Satellite Images
   National Radar
Product Archive
WPC Verification
   QPF
   Medium Range
   Model Diagnostics
   Event Reviews
   Winter Weather
International Desks
Development and Training
   Development
WPC Overview
   About the WPC
   Staff
   WPC History
   Accomplishments
   Other Sites
   FAQs
Meteorological Calculators
Contact Us
   About Our Site
 
USA.gov is the U.S. Government's official web portal to all federal, state, and local government web resources and services.
 
Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) Discussion
 
(Latest Discussion - Issued 0944Z Nov 21, 2017)
 
Version Selection
Versions back from latest:  0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   
 
Abbreviations and acronyms used in this product
 
Geographic Boundaries -  Map 1: Color  Black/White       Map 2: Color  Black/White


QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
442 AM EST TUE NOV 21 2017


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID NOV 21/1200 UTC THRU NOV 24/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

FOR THE 12Z ISSUANCE: NO MAJOR CHANGES WERE MADE FOR THIS
ISSUANCE. MINOR CHANGES WERE MADE EARLY BASED PRIMARILY ON RADAR
TRENDS AND INPUT FROM THE MOST RECENT HRRR. A FEW CHANGES WERE
MADE TO THE QPF THIS AFTERNOON/EVENING ALONG THE WESTERN GULF
COAST...WHERE THE 00Z ECMWF SHOWED MORE OF THE CONVECTION COMING
ONSHORE NEAR THE TX/LA BORDER.


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES...

A STRONG LOW LEVEL FLOW FOCUSES ATMOSPHERIC RIVER MOISTURE ON THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING THE FIRST PART OF DAY 1...THEN ACROSS THE
NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD. THE
COMBINATION OF DEEP MOISTURE...STRONG UPSLOPE FLOW AND SYNOPTIC
SCALE ASCENT ASSOCIATED WITH SHORT WAVES IN THE MID LEVEL FLOW
WILL PRODUCE HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL AMOUNTS...MAINLY
OVER WESTERN WA. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A
BLEND OF THE 00Z GFS/12Z ECMWF.

THE MOST RECENT IR IMAGES SHOWED A PLUME OF DEEP MOISTURE
STRETCHING FROM NEAR 20N 140W TO A POSITION OFF WELL WEST OF THE
NORTHERN CA COAST. THE BLENDED TPW PRODUCT SHOWED PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES NEAR 2.00 INCHES IN THE HEART OF THE PLUME. AS MID
LEVEL RIDGING BUILDS ALONG CA COAST DURING DAY 1...THE DEEPEST
MOISTURE ASSOCIATED WITH THE ATMOSPHERIC RIVER IS SHUNTED TOWARD
THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST. A 45 TO 65 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTH
SOUTHWEST TRANSPORTS 1.25/1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH
IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) TO
THE WA COAST...MAINLY BETWEEN 21/18Z AND 22/00Z (DURING THE BEST
DIVERGENCE IN THE LEFT FRONT QUADRANT OF A 110 KNOT JET STREAK
APPROACHING THE WA COAST TOWARD 22/00Z).

THE LOW LEVEL FLOW TARGETS THE OLYMPIC RANGE IN WA DURING THIS
TIME PERIOD...AND THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 5.00+ INCH
AMOUNTS OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN. IN FACT...THE 00Z HREF MEAN AND
00Z NBM SHOWED LOCAL 6.00+ INCH AMOUNTS...AND GIVEN THE STRENGTH
OF THE LOW LEVEL INFLOW...THESE AMOUNTS SEEM PLAUSIBLE. HOURLY
RAINFALL RATES OVER 0.50 INCHES ARE EXPECTED ACROSS THE OLYMPIC
RANGE BETWEEN 21/18Z AND 22/03Z. A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED
OVER THE OLYMPIC RANGE FOR DAY 1.

FURTHER EAST...THE LOW LEVEL FLOW FOCUSES THE DEEPER MOISTURE ON
THE WA CASCADES...WITH LOCAL 2.50 TO 4.50 INCHES EXPECTED OVER THE
CENTRAL AND NORTHERN PORTIONS OF THE RANGE. SOME OF THE HIGH
RESOLUTION GUIDANCE (SUCH AS THE 00Z NAM CONUS NEST...00Z HREF
MEAN AND THE 00Z NBM) SHOWED LOCAL 6.00+ INCH AMOUNTS OVER THE
SOUTHERN WA CASCADES...BUT THESE AMOUNTS SEEM HIGH...BASED ON THE
ORIENTATION OF THE LOW LEVEL FLOW. SNOW LEVELS RISE DURING THE
STRONG SOUTHWEST FLOW...SO A MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED OVER THE WA
CASCADES FOR DAY 1.

THE MOISTURE...WHILE NOT AS ROBUST AS IT IS EXPECTED TO BE OVER
WESTERN WA...REMAINS AT LEAST PARTIALLY INTACT ACROSS THE NORTHERN
ROCKIES DURING THE SECOND HALF OF DAY 1. UPSLOPE FLOW (AUGMENTED
BY LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE ALONG A QUASI STATIONARY BOUNDARY OVER
WESTERN MT INTO WESTERN AND CENTRAL WY) AND SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT
MAKE THE MOST OF THE MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN TO PRODUCE LOCAL 1.25
TO 1.75 INCH QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS THE NORTHERN BITTERROOTS IN ID AND
THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN FRONT RANGE IN MT. SNOW LEVELS RISE IN THE WARM
AIR ADVECTION IN THE SOUTHWEST FLOW...SO MOST OF THE QPF IS
EXPECTED TO FALL IN THE FORM OF RAIN. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.00 INCHES ACROSS THE NORTHERN
BITTERROOTS...SO A MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED HERE FOR DAY 1.


...GREAT LAKES/NORTHEAST....

A DEVELOPING LONG WAVE TROUGH PUSHES A COLD FRONT FROM THE UPPER
GREAT LAKES/OH VALLEY TO THE EAST COAST DURING DAY 1. MOISTURE
AHEAD OF THE FRONT ON A STRONG LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW COULD
PRODUCE MAINLY LIGHT QPF WITH THE FRONT. ADDITIONAL QPF IS
POSSIBLE IN THE LAKE EFFECT THAT FOLLOWS THE PASSAGE OF THE
FRONT...MAINLY OVER THE LOWER LAKES. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD
MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE FRONT AND PLACEMENT OF THE
QPF MAXIMUM...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE
00Z GFS/12Z ECMWF. THE 00Z NAM/NBM WERE USED OT AID IN BETTER
DELINEATING THE PLACEMENT OF LAKE EFFECT QPF.

AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH AND ITS ATTENDANT COLD FRONT
CROSSING THE GREAT LAKES...OH VALLEY AND INTERIOR NORTHEAST US...A
LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER
AIR INTO THESE REGION. INSTABILITY IS NEARLY NON EXISTENT WITH THE
FRONT...SO MOST OF THE QPF AMOUNTS WITH THE FRONT ARE EXPECTED TO
BE LIGHT. BEHIND THE FRONT AND LONG WAVE TROUGH...THE WEST TO
NORTHWEST BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW SETS UP CONDITIONS MORE CONDUCIVE TO
LAKE EFFECT CIRCULATIONS. THE BEST FETCH IS EXPECTED OVER THE
LOWER LAKES...WHERE LOCAL 0.25 TO 0.35 INCH QPF AMOUNTS WERE
PLACED DOWNWIND OF LAKES ERIE AND ONTARIO.


...SOUTHEAST/MID ATLANTIC/SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN THE DEEP SOUTHWEST FLOW ALONG THE SOUTHEAST
AND MID ATLANTIC COASTS WILL SPIN UP LOW PRESSURE ON A FRONT
BOUNDARY OFF THE MID ATLANTIC COAST DURING THE SECOND HALF OF DAY
1. MOISTURE AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE FRONT COULD
SUPPLY LOW TOPPED CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL...ESPECIALLY OVER THE MID ATLANTIC AND SOUTHERN NEW
ENGLAND LATE IN THE PERIOD. THE 00Z GFS APPEARS TO BE TOO FAST
WITH THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY...SPINNING UP LOW PRESSURE ON THE FRONT
FURTHER OFFSHORE. THE 00Z NAM/12Z ECMWF ARE CLOSER WITH THE
PLACEMENT OF THE FRONT AND SURFACE LOW...SO THESE MODELS COMPRISE
THE BASIS FOR THE WPC QPF.

SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN THE DEEP MID LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW EXTENDING
FROM FL ACROSS NEW ENGLAND INTERACTS WITH A WAVE OF LOW PRESSURE
OFF THE MID ATLANTIC COAST DURING THE SECOND HALF OF DAY 1. AHEAD
OF THE SHORT WAVE AND DEVELOPING SURFACE LOW...A 30 TO 40 KNOT LOW
LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00+ INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR
ACROSS EASTERN SECTIONS OF THE MID ATLANTIC INTO PORTIONS OF
NJ...NYC AND LONG ISLAND IN NY...AS WELL AS FAR SOUTHEAST NEW
ENGLAND. THE BEST SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT WITH THE SHORT WAVE IS
EXPECTED BETWEEN 22/06Z AND 22/12Z FROM SOUTHWEST TO
NORTHEAST...COINCIDING WITH MUCAPE VALUES RANGING BETWEEN 100-250
J/KG. THE RESULTING LOW TOPPED CONVECTION TAPS THE DEEPER
MOISTURE... PRODUCING A SWATH OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF
EXTENDING FROM EASTERN NC/SOUTHERN DELMARVA INTO SOUTHERN
NJ...CENTRAL AND EASTERN LONG ISLAND...AS WELL AS SOUTHEAST NEW
ENGLAND. THERE WAS A HIGH RESOLUTION MODEL SIGNAL FOR AN AXIS OF
0.50 TO 0.75 INCHES OF QPF OVER FAR EASTERN LONG ISLAND DURING
THIS PERIOD,


...GULF COAST...

INFLOW AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT DROPPING TX AND OVER THE WESTERN GULF
OF MEXICO DURING DAY 1 COULD SUPPLY LOW TOPPED CONVECTION THAT
PRODUCES CONVECTION WITH LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL.  THERE WAS SOME
SPREAD WITH THE STRENGTH OF THE INFLOW...WHICH RESULT IN
DIFFERENCES IN THE PLACEMENT OF THE HIGHEST RAINFALL AMOUNTS. DUE
TO THE SPREAD...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MAINLY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
GFS/12Z ECMWF...BUT HIGH RESOLUTION GUIDANCE WAS ALSO USED IN AN
ATTEMPT TO BETTER PLACE THE HIGHEST RAINFALL AMOUNTS.

AS THE FRONT DROPS SOUTH ACROSS CENTRAL AND SOUTH TX DURING DAY
1...A LOW LEVEL SOUTH SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25/1.50 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER TO UPPER TX COAST AND SOUTHWEST LA...WHERE 00Z
GFS MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED LOCAL 500-1000 J/KG OF MLCAPE NEAR THE
COAST. THE RESULTING CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE 0.25 TO
0.50 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE UPPER TX COAST AND NEARBY SOUTHWEST
LA...BEFORE THE FRONT MOVES OFFSHORE AFTER 22/00Z. WHILE THE
TIMING OF THE FRONT IS FAIRLY CONSISTENT AMONG 00Z MODEL
SOLUTIONS...THE AMOUNT OF INFLOW (AND ITS POSITION AHEAD OF THE
FRONT) VARIES BY A FAIR AMOUNT. SOME OF THE HIGH RESOLUTION
SOLUTIONS (SUCH AS THE 00Z NAM CONUS NEST...00Z NBM AND THE 00Z
WRF ARW) SHOWED AXES OF 2.00 INCHES OF QPF SPANNING FROM THE UPPER
TX COAST TO WEST OF NEW ORLEANS BEFORE THE FRONT EXITS.

THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY SUGGEST THESE ARE
PLAUSIBLE...THOUGH IT NOT CLEAR WHERE THEY WOULD OCCUR. THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE FAIRLY HIGH (GENERALLY ABOVE 3.00
INCHES)...SO AT THIS POINT IT IS UNCLEAR WHETHER FLASH FLOODING
WOULD OCCUR IF THE HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS WERE REALIZED.


DAYS 2/3...

WPC QPF IS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z GFS/ECMWF/UKMET.


...NORTHWEST...

AN UPPER LEVEL TROUGH EXTENDING SOUTHWEST FROM THE ALASKAN
PANHANDLE WILL CONTINUE TO BRING AT ATMOSPHERIC RIVER OF
TROPICALLY-SOURCED MOISTURE TO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST INTO
THURSDAY. A SOUTHWESTERLY 850 MB JET NEAR 50 KNOTS...STRONG LOW
LEVEL CONVERGENCE ON THE NOSE OF THE LOW LEVEL JET AND TOPOGRAPHY
MAKES FOR ENHANCED RAINFALL OVER THE OLYMPICS AND NORTHERN
CASCADES THROUGH THIS TIME. SEVERAL INCHES ARE EXPECTED IN THIS
AREA WITH A SLIGHT RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL FOR DAY 2 (12Z
WED-12Z THU). AN EJECTING SHORTWAVE TROUGH CROSSES WESTERN WA
THURSDAY WHICH DIRECTS THE ATMOSPHERIC RIVER FARTHER SOUTH TO
NORTHERN CALIFORNIA. A MAX IN PRECIP FOR DAY 3 (12Z THU-12Z FRI)
IS OVER THE NORTHERN CASCADES...BUT COOLING ALOFT WILL LOWER SNOW
ELEVATIONS THERE...SO THE FLOODING THREAT WILL BE LIMITED AND NO
EXCESSIVE RAIN OUTLOOK AREAS WERE ADDED FOR DAY 3. PLEASE SEE THE
LATEST WESTERN WA HYDROLOGIC FORECASTS/WATCHES/WARNINGS FROM THE
FORECAST OFFICES.


...NORTHEAST...

A POSITIVELY TILTED NORTHERN STREAM TROUGH MOVING EAST FROM THE
GREAT LAKES WEDNESDAY WILL SWING INTO A NEUTRAL TILT AND PHASE
WITH SOUTHERN STREAM ENERGY OFF THE MID-ATLANTIC COAST AND ALLOW
SURFACE LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPMENT OFF NEW ENGLAND WEDNESDAY NIGHT.
A COASTAL FRONT WILL DEVELOP OVER OR JUST EAST OF EASTERN NEW
ENGLAND. THE 00Z ECMWF IS SLIGHTLY SLOWER WITH THE NORTHERN STREAM
TROUGH AND THUS HAS A SWATH OF HEAVIER RAIN OVER EASTERN MA AND
EASTERN ME WHILE THE QUICKER 00Z GFS HAS THE SWATH OFFSHORE. THE
00Z UKMET IS IN BETWEEN AND WAS LEANED ON AS A COMPROMISE. THE
BULK OF THIS RAIN WHICH COULD AVERAGE ONE INCH WILL NOT BE
CONVECTIVE...SO THERE IS NOT AN EXCESSIVE RAINFALL THREAT AT THIS
TIME. THE RAIN WILL MOVE NORTHEAST FROM ME LATE WEDNESDAY
NIGHT/END OF DAY 2.


...SOUTHEAST/FL...

LONGWAVE TROUGHING WILL MERELY DRIFT EAST FROM THE LOWER MS VALLEY
AND WESTERN GULF OF MEXICO EAST INTO THE SOUTHEAST US AND EASTERN
GULF OF MEXICO WEDNESDAY THROUGH THURSDAY. WEAK SFC LOW PRESSURE
DEVELOPS AHEAD OVER THE CENTRAL FL PENINSULA. A NOTABLE SHIFT IN
00Z GUIDANCE PLACES THE HEAVIEST RAIN OVER NORTHERN FL FOR DAY 2
(12Z WED-12Z THU) AND THEN MORE ONSHORE FOR DAY 3 (12Z THU-12Z
FRI) AS OPPOSED TO OFF THE GA/SC COAST. 1.5 INCH PWATS WHICH ARE
1.5 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL WILL LINGER OFF OR NEAR THE
GA/SC COAST THURSDAY WITH THE COASTAL SFC LOW AIDING HEAVY RAIN
DEVELOPMENT WEST TO THE I-95 CORRIDOR OF SC. WILL NEED TO MONITOR
PLACEMENT OF THIS HEAVY RAIN WHICH MAY WARRANT AN EXCESSIVE RAIN
RISK SHOULD RUN-TO-RUN CONSISTENCY OCCUR. 

HAYES/JACKSON

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/qpf2.shtml



24HR QP VT 22/12Z
 0.01 533219 535206 535192 534177 535161 537127 539112 537101
      531082 526073 523067 522062 513044 507037 502034 495038
      492040 490044 486056 486063 487070 503106 506114 510123
      512129 514136 515142 513148 487125 478123 467121 463123
      458123 449126 436135 433138 432144 429155 431175 425182
      424190 427194 431196 433201 437209 432208 429206 424204
      421206 416205 413207 408215 402223 400229 398233 399239
      397243 394247 391253 390258 388261 382267 377274 375279
      376285 380287 384288 389286 393286 401285 405285 409287
      418292 426298 440308 449314 458320 465320 472315 479311
      484305 495291 503289 510284 513280 515276 520267 524256
      526252 527244 533219
 0.01 539802 539787 537769 536759 534752 533742 531737 530728
      528724 522717 516711 508708 504709 501712 496714 494719
      493735 487736 485730 483715 482707 479703 471699 464702
      456707 448713 445717 442723 439727 434729 428730 425733
      429734 434733 446731 447732 447735 442737 432738 422744
      418747 415752 413757 412762 412767 413769 414773 411779
      408782 404784 399786 391791 385797 383801 379805 376810
      373812 369816 365818 361821 359826 358830 363829 369824
      375815 381810 385808 391807 394813 394821 394833 397838
      401839 403841 402843 400848 400858 402863 407866 413864
      419865 419867 422868 430861 429853 427850 424851 423843
      424835 427831 431823 436821 441823 444826 447828 450833
      448839 442841 440847 438853 438858 440861 443863 450859
      456858 459864 460870 460878 459890 459898 462903 466901
      469898 472894 474888 478879 483877 487881 490894 494894
      497891 499889 500891 502888 505885 508880 519861 524850
      528841 535819 539802
 0.01 499116 496107 490101 486093 482092 479097 478102 476103
      473102 463101 460103 459108 461111 466114 476114 481115
      484118 492119 497118 499116
 0.01 454115 455106 454099 452094 447091 431090 427086 424089
      426094 427100 423102 419106 419112 417113 414113 411112
      410109 411099 410095 408095 406096 405100 405108 403111
      400113 390116 393117 398116 411118 418119 420125 420133
      416139 418143 417151 420152 421147 423143 424137 424132
      426129 429124 434122 444120 448117 453116 454115
 0.01 440697 440688 437683 427678 416676 403675 397676 391676
      378679 372680 367683 355689 328696 315701 304707 283719
      273726 264732 257738 251747 248754 247760 246767 251768
      256766 263765 262777 261781 259783 256787 253791 251796
      248800 246804 247811 251815 259813 262812 264815 269817
      270821 268824 264827 262833 258837 253840 245846 242850
      239856 238860 240864 246866 249867 248870 239878 236884
      234890 233896 234903 235918 235926 236933 237942 238948
      239952 239954 236955 233960 232966 233973 239974 245973
      252973 258975 266975 280975 284973 291973 296972 303969
      307967 310963 312949 312941 310933 306921 301909 293903
      291897 290889 291883 290876 289870 291864 300859 305854
      313852 316851 316848 318843 314831 311824 313819 320818
      326819 338822 338824 336826 333828 331831 332833 339832
      351827 355823 355819 352816 353811 358808 366801 374792
      377789 380784 386777 394768 403757 410747 416736 421724
      434706 438701 440697
 0.01 432075 432071 431066 429061 427055 423050 418047 413047
      408051 406053 402052 399052 397053 393057 389061 388066
      391080 397081 404082 407082 409080 413078 415074 417073
      421068 424073 429077 432075
 0.01 282763 280761 279761 277760 275760 273760 271760 269761
      268761 266763 268764 270764 272765 274766 276767 277767
      279766 280765 281764 282763
 0.25 523192 522188 522184 521173 516165 514162 510160 508165
      505162 498159 494156 497154 498149 494144 490137 487134
      483131 476128 471127 469130 469133 467135 467139 470142
      477141 480141 483144 481148 476148 473148 469146 467143
      463142 458142 456144 454147 454149 451151 447149 442147
      437148 434153 437160 443167 446175 445180 441183 437187
      436192 438194 442202 444205 447203 449199 450195 452190
      456187 463191 464195 463201 459201 454208 449214 443215
      440215 437218 430219 427219 425222 425223 424227 422230
      418231 416229 414221 410226 412234 413245 410250 407253
      401258 397264 396268 397272 400274 405275 414278 429285
      446294 452298 458300 464300 467299 472295 483288 489285
      496282 502280 505276 507273 510262 514255 514247 512236
      506218 504208 503204 503198 509195 516194 521191 523192
 0.25 517801 516788 515777 513773 510773 508781 506790 503800
      502808 502815 503819 506822 510822 513820 515817 517806
      517801
 0.25 485228 486225 484225 482224 481224 480224 481225 481226
      482227 484228 485228 485228
 0.25 463171 462169 461168 460167 459166 457166 457167 456169
      457171 458172 460173 462172 463171 463171
 0.25 442757 440757 439759 439760 441760 442757 442757
 0.25 444111 443106 440105 436105 434102 432101 430103 427104
      423106 424110 428113 431114 435114 439112 443112 444111
 0.25 434097 433096 432094 431094 429093 429094 429095 430097
      431098 432099 434098 434097
 0.25 417714 415711 412713 406717 394729 383739 380741 380739
      383733 392722 397715 398710 397706 374721 370722 367721
      364717 365715 363711 361707 358705 354704 350705 347707
      341711 334716 329722 325727 321733 316739 312745 307752
      303757 293767 283777 278780 274781 271783 264796 264799
      267802 272805 278807 284810 286816 287822 287827 287830
      284832 277834 273835 269837 263841 259845 257848 256854
      258859 261860 269858 273857 278857 286856 292851 294843
      291836 290831 292828 296826 299823 303816 305814 310813
      315808 328801 333797 338792 342784 347778 351770 352766
      355764 361762 366757 368755 369757 370761 372763 376765
      384762 389758 394752 397745 401738 406733 410729 413723
      417714
 0.25 424798 424796 423795 421795 420796 419797 418799 417802
      416802 417802 419803 420802 421801 422801 423799 424798
 0.25 405070 406068 405067 403066 401066 400067 399067 399069
      401070 403070 405070 405070
 0.25 395064 396062 395060 393061 392064 392066 393066 394065
      395064
 0.25 374749 374748 372748 370750 369752 371753 373753 373751
      374749 374749
 0.25 303937 303930 301926 298921 295918 288912 286905 285900
      284893 282887 280883 277882 274883 267889 264892 259895
      251900 247903 245907 245922 246935 250946 252950 253956
      251960 254964 265966 271967 277966 285961 292955 298947
      302942 303937
 0.50 508248 510243 509237 507226 504217 500209 495204 490201
      485200 481200 478201 471203 470208 465208 460207 458210
      453215 449217 445216 441216 440218 441223 444226 449228
      452230 447233 441236 435242 431242 427240 421239 420247
      415254 404264 404267 409268 412267 416268 419269 423269
      429267 444264 448264 452267 457269 460271 460281 463291
      466292 469291 474288 487280 500274 503270 504261 506253
      508248
 0.50 511186 511181 511178 510173 509170 508167 506166 503165
      500164 498167 501169 502171 503176 503179 504182 506185
      509187 511186
 0.50 487231 488228 487227 487226 486224 484223 483222 481222
      479222 478223 478225 479226 480228 481229 482230 483231
      485232 486231 487231
 0.50 491173 490168 489162 487157 484156 481151 476152 472151
      469148 466146 461146 459149 458154 463161 464168 467172
      470174 475175 478178 482178 488174 491173
 0.50 487139 486134 482133 481132 478131 474131 472131 470135
      469137 472140 475140 478139 480140 482140 485141 487139
 0.50 463178 462175 459176 457178 454174 452166 454158 446156
      444154 441155 442162 445165 446169 450175 454181 458182
      460181 463178
 0.50 442108 440107 439107 438107 438108 440108 442108
 0.50 410723 410719 408719 403722 400726 395731 392734 387739
      385745 390744 394739 399735 402731 407727 410723
 0.50 361740 355727 357712 353708 346711 334719 331724 328731
      325736 320741 311752 308757 306761 306765 301770 301775
      299781 295784 292784 287785 283786 280785 278784 276786
      274793 273797 276801 283804 289805 294805 296807 297810
      300812 304811 307808 318802 329793 332787 334780 342768
      349756 353753 357748 361740
 0.50 299939 295922 289918 281915 279913 278907 277902 276898
      273896 270897 264901 257905 253911 251920 252929 257946
      265960 269961 275960 281958 288953 293947 297943 299939
 0.50 281848 280846 279845 277845 276844 274844 272844 270844
      269845 268845 267847 267848 266849 266851 267852 269852
      271852 272852 274851 276851 277850 278850 280849 281848
 1.00 505242 505236 505232 502222 500214 498210 495208 491208
      487205 482204 479205 468213 465212 461213 455216 453220
      455223 460225 461228 458231 451234 446237 443239 441242
      447244 454242 458242 462244 465247 466251 468259 469264
      471266 474270 479269 486268 493267 496268 498265 499261
      498256 496249 492241 488234 485236 482234 477228 470229
      468227 469223 472220 475218 482221 489225 495240 497242
      501245 505242
 1.00 485161 483159 482158 482161 483162 485161
 1.00 477164 478162 477159 476159 475158 473157 472156 470154
      470153 469151 467152 465154 465157 466159 468162 469165
      471165 473165 474165 476165 477164
 1.00 480137 479136 477135 476135 474136 473136 474138 475138
      477138 479137 480137
 1.00 450225 450222 448220 447219 445219 443219 443220 443221
      445222 445223 446224 448225 449225 450225
 1.00 433249 432247 430247 429248 428248 426249 424250 424251
      422252 422253 424254 424253 426253 428252 429252 431251
      433249
 1.00 354744 353736 351731 348718 344720 340724 333731 329740
      328742 325743 322747 324751 327751 327754 328761 328764
      330765 337763 337760 337758 340756 344753 352748 354744
 1.00 311798 312796 310795 308795 306795 305795 304795 303795
      302795 301797 301798 301800 301802 301804 302804 303804
      304804 305803 307802 309801 310800 311798
 1.00 294941 295939 294936 292934 290925 285925 280926 277924
      271921 268921 266924 265932 265939 266943 269945 274949
      278951 283949 288945 294941 294941
 1.00 286798 287795 287793 286792 285791 284791 283792 282792
      280794 280796 280798 281799 283800 285799 286798 286798
 1.50 503236 502228 499219 498214 496212 490211 487208 485207
      478207 474211 474215 476217 484221 489223 491225 494233
      498239 501241 503237 503236
 1.50 497263 497254 494249 490242 489239 486237 484240 482239
      479232 478230 475229 469232 465231 460232 449237 449240
      452240 458239 466240 469241 471244 475250 480251 486255
      490260 495265 497263
 1.50 470220 471218 470215 468214 465213 463214 460215 458216
      456218 455221 457223 460224 463225 467225 468222 470220
 1.50 473161 471160 471158 470157 469155 469154 468155 467157
      468159 469160 470161 471161 473161 473161
 1.50 348738 348732 346725 341729 337731 336734 334739 333744
      334750 336752 340750 343746 345743 347739 348738
 2.00 501235 500227 498219 496215 493215 490214 488211 485208
      481208 476210 475215 478217 485220 490221 492225 494229
      495233 497237 499238 501235
 2.00 496262 497256 495253 491246 489244 487240 485244 482242
      479234 477231 474232 471234 470236 472241 474244 479246
      484246 486249 490256 494263 496262
 2.00 470218 468215 467214 466214 465215 463215 462215 461216
      459217 457218 456219 457221 457222 459222 460222 462223
      464223 465223 467222 468220 469218 470218
 2.00 466234 465234 464233 463233 463236 464236 465234 466234
 3.00 496260 496259 496257 495255 494254 494252 493251 492250
      491249 489249 490252 490253 492255 492256 493258 493259
      494260 496260 496260
 3.00 497231 497229 497228 497226 497223 496222 495220 494223
      494224 495225 495228 496231 497231 497231
 3.00 488218 488216 488213 487212 486211 484210 482210 481210
      479211 477212 477214 477215 478216 480216 482217 483218
      485218 486219 488218
 3.00 479241 479239 479236 478233 477233 476232 474233 473234
      472236 473239 475241 476242 478242 479241
 4.00 484214 482213 480213 479212 478213 479213 480214 482215
      484215 484214
 4.00 478238 478236 477234 476234 474234 474237 475239 477239
      478238
 5.00 476238 476235 475237 475238 476238 

24HR QP VT 23/12Z
 0.01 494333 484336 478334 474329 471325 471319 467314 461311
      445295 442282 436280 434278 432276 429271 425274 416278
      412279 406277 393274 389278 384280 379280 375277 370267
      368262 370261 373258 374254 373252 374248 381239 388232
      396227 412214 420207 427213 434214 435210 436205 434192
      439179 437167 435161 437155 442144 444139 448135 459135
      462135 464133 468128 471125 476126 482128 488131 494138
      504146 506151 510156 513159 519161 526169 529176 534181
      544189
 0.01 520670 515678 508684 503687 499689 498694 496699 496704
      495710 493715 490721 488726 485728 468737 467740 467743
      469746 465747 462746 452749 451753 447756 441761 436765
      432769 428767 422763 419760 419754 421744 421741 419738
      415737 411738 407740 400745 398748 394749 388750 384752
      377758 369758 364759 361760 354766 349762 344761 340762
      334767 330771 328775 327777 328780 330784 333787 335791
      337802 336822 333831 330838 327842 323845 317850 311855
      304859 299861 296864 290869 281880 273885 266889 260889
      256887 254885 252881 248873 245866 245856 243852 240849
      234844 229836 228831 230828 235823 239821 242817 245809
      255799 283781 291780 296774 308765 312762 313756 312753
      309752 306750 293743 289741 286737 284728 288722 293716
      300704
 0.01 399643 398645 397646 397647 395649 394651 392651 391651
      390651 388650 387651 385650 385649 383650
 0.01 551841 550825 548814 542796 538788 536785 533784 525785
      521786 519789 514791 512793 507799 499813 491815 490825
      487833 483841 480844 476842 471836 466834 463836 462839
      463844 465849 470855 474875 474882 476882 481877 486871
      491863 498850 501845 505844 511841 518845 520848 519852
      520858 521861 525870 530876 538875 543871 546863 549850
      551841
 0.01 515033 516019 514009 510993 504978 501971 498965 501955
      501945 498938 494934 489927 484922 480919 472919 468918
      469914 471905 470900 468899 463903 458908 462913 464916
      464920 460927 460937 462945 465952 469957 474964 475968
      474974 475992 477000 480009 483015 487020 491027 494033
      503044 508047 512045 515033
 0.01 460795 459793 458793 456793 454794 453796 453799 453801
      455803 456801 458798 459795 460795
 0.01 455828 451818 445809 441805 436806 429800 421792 419790
      418795 422806 430810 437818 440822 444824 452828 455828
 0.01 451107 449102 446096 440094 433094 427094 425098 423100
      424105 428109 433113 437117 442120 444121 445118 449112
      451107
 0.01 449080 450078 450077 449075 448073 446071 445070 443070
      441072 443074 444076 445077 446078 448080 449080 449080
 0.01 452860 451857 450855 448858 448860 450860 452860 452860
 0.01 414066 414064 412061 412064 414066 414066
 0.01 412068 410068 408068 407067 406068 407068 408068 410068
      412068 412068
 0.01 396791 394791 391792 389794 386795 384797 383798 381800
      379803 378805 380805 383804 385802 387802 390799 390797
      391794 395791 396791
 0.01 285954 285942 283933 280925 277923 274923 269928 265935
      262943 261948 259951 251953 247954 246958 244962 242965
      240968 241972 244976 245979 245986 249993 254993 257991
      262991 263987 262978 274970 279964 283958 285954
 0.01 270818 268814 266811 264811 260810 254810 249812 248815
      245819 250818 252818 257819 261820 266820 270818
 0.01 255761 250758 245758 239757 234759 229762 222764 215771
      216779 213785 215798 217800 217804 222803 226799 231797
      235794 238789 239783 241780 244779 247776 250770 252765
      255761
 0.01 252794 251790 249790 245790 243791 240793 239795 240799
      241802 243804 246803 248801 250799 251796 252794
 0.25 505311 497310 492313 489315 486313 482309 480305 477296
      475286 472278 467270 463268 458266 453264 449261 448258
      443255 436256 429260 421262 406264 396264 388262 385259
      384255 385252 387247 392241 400237 405233 408232 413232
      419234 424235 432234 437229 443222 448216 455213 461210
      469208 482200 487200 491202 498206 506212 512219 516226
      520234 524242 528248
 0.25 501620 488625 479630 470630 461628 449629 439634 430639
      420646 411654 402659 396662 391663 387661 381661 370668
      362675 345687 327700 324704 321708 319712 320720 324724
      328727 337731 356736 367738 378737 386740 396735 407730
      418725 426719 429716 433711 441701 449695 453692 458690
      468686 485671 487665 491661 500656 508651 512646
 0.25 528199 527186 526179 524174 521169 517169 514171 511168
      508164 503162 499161 494158 487138 483135 479134 477139
      478143 479147 477149 474151 467154 466161 468167 475173
      479175 483179 486183 489183 494179 498179 503180 506182
      515188 518192 520196 522200 525203 528199
 0.25 460180 461178 459177 458175 456175 455176 454178 454179
      453181 453183 453185 454186 455187 455186 456185 457184
      458182 459181 460180
 0.25 327812 327807 325804 321802 317789 316787 312786 308789
      297793 291802 288807 287812 286819 283823 282826 279827
      273826 268827 266831 256832 251835 247836 247838 248844
      252848 260855 266863 277866 283866 288863 292860 296856
      307852 315845 318841 320836 324825 326814 327812
 0.25 260968 259966 259965 259966 258968 259968 260968
 0.50 525253 519243 515232 510222 507217 504214 500210 494208
      489206 483205 474209 471211 466212 462213 458217 455221
      453228 450232 446235 444239 442242 443246 446248 451247
      456248 461250 470253 475255 477258 487280 493288 496294
      499294 505289 513292
 0.50 504633 503628 501627 496627 490630 486633 482637 477636
      469635 459634 453636 447638 437643 429649 411664 402669
      396671 392670 382665 377668 373672 358687 350694 344702
      338709 335715 335721 338725 344727 355727 366728 372726
      376724 386715 390713 396712 392719 396727 402727 407726
      415719 423713 431705 439697 443693 446689 450685 454681
      464677 469673 473669 479660 485651 489647 492646 501641
      504636 504633
 0.50 487233 488231 487228 487227 486225 484223 483222 481222
      479222 478223 477224 477225 479227 479228 480229 481231
      482232 483233 484233 486233 487233
 0.50 490167 488164 486162 485160 484157 482154 479155 477157
      475158 473159 471160 473163 474165 477167 479168 482169
      486169 487169 490167
 0.50 434249 431239 426238 421238 414239 406241 398244 392251
      391254 394258 403259 409260 413259 421257 425256 428255
      434249
 0.50 319825 319819 318813 318808 316803 309804 306803 303801
      299800 296801 294809 287825 284832 275832 267837 262841
      261846 263848 269852 276857 284858 300852 304850 307848
      312842 315839 316835 318827 319825
 1.00 525260 519251 515241 512231 506222 503218 500214 491210
      485208 481208 477212 477216 486222 489225 490232 486236
      482237 478230 473229 470231 467234 466240 482252 487262
      493271 497280 500285 503286 506284 509280 512278 516279
 1.00 469218 468217 466217 468218 469218
 1.00 465660 465654 464650 461645 455644 449647 441655 432664
      426674 426680 427688 427692 426695 430696 433694 434692
      436686 435683 436681 441678 451671 462663 465660
 1.00 426247 427244 426243 424242 422242 421243 420243 418244
      416246 415248 416249 417249 418249 419249 421249 423249
      424248 425248 426247
 1.00 387687 385680 383674 379674 378676 373680 363686 358690
      354694 347703 341713 339719 342722 349722 356720 368714
      376707 384699 387693 387687
 1.00 309824 307823 303823 299823 297826 295832 291836 288836
      287839 285846 286850 289851 294849 299845 302840 303833
      307829 309824
 1.50 522265 514241 509229 503220 498216 492214 487211 482212
      482216 486219 490222 492230 493236 497241 502249 503255
      499252 493243 490240 487239 482241 480235 476231 471234
      470239 473243 478246 483247 485252 490263 496273 499278
      503281 507279 510275 514272 519272
 1.50 377689 375687 371687 366688 359692 354697 350704 348712
      351714 354715 360713 367708 372703 375696 377689
 2.00 518265 518259 516254 513245 510235 504227 499219 496218
      493220 493225 493232 497240 503247 507256 509267 513270
      516267 518265
 2.00 506276 506269 504262 500256 497251 493246 488242 485243
      486248 488254 491260 493266 496270 500277 504278 506276
 2.00 480241 480239 479236 478233 477233 476232 475232 474232
      473234 472235 472236 472239 473241 475242 476243 478243
      480241
 2.00 371695 370691 367690 364691 361694 358697 355701 353704
      354709 358710 361708 366705 369702 371697 371695
 3.00 509246 508242 507239 506236 504234 502230 500227 499225
      498223 496224 494228 495231 496234 498237 501239 502241
      505244 506245 509246
 3.00 503273 502267 501263 498258 497254 494250 489247 489252
      491258 493261 495265 498269 501273 503273
 3.00 477238 477237 477235 476234 475235 474237 475239 477238
      477238
 4.00 496260 496258 496257 495254 494253 492252 491253 492254
      492256 493257 494259 496260 496260 

24HR QP VT 24/12Z
 0.01 496329 488316 484310 478302 470299 464292 461285 458272
      457268 453266 445263 436260 429260 412260 408261 403259
      397255 389249 383246 382242 382236 382232 384229 391222
      394213 397210 399213 401217 403216 410213 416212 422207
      428206 431208 434208 437203 439197 438193 436192 431190
      429182 431180 433183 437184 440183 442180 443174 441169
      439166 422156 420154 421149 425150 427153 432153 433147
      437141 441134 445126 447122 446117 438118 429116 422117
      419116 419111 423105 427097 431092 440092 444091 446088
      447079 446074 448063 449057 448052 448047 450044 452043
      455039 460033 467031 470032 471037 472042 472050 473061
      475083 475094 479097 482097 480097 477101 476107 478111
      480115 483119 490123 501134 514140 518143 522147 527153
      533160 536163 537167 536176 536182 541186 544190 536221
      536220 535219 533218 531217 530218 530221 529224 529226
      529229 528231 528234 528236 527239 526241 526244 525246
      525249 526251 527252
 0.01 550158 547153 546146 547129 547111 546105 544098 539094
      536087 534072 534062 530058 521052 517049 516042 519039
      521034 523028 522024 520023 516022 517014 513002 512996
      519995 510968 506956 502947 501943 498943 497952 494965
      492967 489967 486967 483965 481961 483957 496937 490924
      484919 477910 475904 474897 471890 471884 464873 462866
      458859 457856 455855 453850 445805 444795 445787 446784
      448781 452776 456771 457765 457756 456753 454752 445760
      443764 438766 436759 435755 436748 437743 442737 447736
      450735 453730 454727 453726 449726 448720 448716 449714
      453708 463702 466699 469701 470705 471709 474709 479706
      481703 484700 487699 491700 501706 505709 509712 514722
      517728 518736 517741 514746 507752 498759 488768 484771
      481773 481777 487788 492799 494805 496813 497818 498826
      497833 494837 489840 486844 491848 495852 500855 505859
      512866 515869 519873 522876 526881 531888 537899 539904
      542909 548923 550929 552936 554943 556949 559955 561960
      566974 568991
 0.01 522688 520679 517669 510653 507645 503637 500632 499643
      498648 496651 494655 491656 486662 483671 480678 480686
      483687 485685 493682 501697 506702 509703 512702 518698
      521695 522691 522688
 0.01 472193 473191 472189 470189 468188 467189 466190 464190
      464191 463192 462193 462195 464196 465198 467197 469196
      470195 471194 472193
 0.01 485005 485002 485000 485997 484995 484994 482992 482994
      480997 480999 482002 482004 483007 485007 485005
 0.01 427172 425170 425169 424169 422167 422166 420166 419164
      419163 418166 419166 420168 420169 421171 422171 423172
      425172 427173 427172
 0.01 428793 428791 428790 426790 426791 425793 425794 425796
      425798 425799 427798 427796 428793 428793
 0.01 394669 393666 388668 383671 372679 346694 340699 335701
      323709 320711 318713 314719 309725 304731 289750 284756
      279762 271771 263781 253789 240797 237812 234818 231822
      228828 226834 225841 226846 228849 233854 239857 249863
      251871 255875 258876 262878 268878 278877 283873 289861
      293856 298852 308845 314840 317838 322836 339818 343812
      347803 350798 352791 359763 363756 367748 369741 371734
      372725 375720 378714 380711 380709 375710 373707 377701
      381695 386688 387683 388677 394669
 0.25 522264 513236 510218 508210 505204 504201 504196 507192
      512189 517190 521190 525184 525177 524174 520167 504149
      493138 489133 485129 479125 473124 463129 455137 452146
      450149 447150 439150 438154 439157 447166 449173 450183
      453186 457185 462181 465175 469171 475170 480173 489183
      491185 491191 486195 467206 454210 443213 433216 428218
      425219 424223 423228 422231 414230 411232 410235 410240
      412242 415248 420250 426248 430245 434242 442243 450245
      457244 463244 469247 474250 479254 487265 495278 503283
      509286 513289
 0.25 561082 562073 562065 562059 560054 558048 556045 554050
      554056 553064 553071 554078 555083 557087 560084 561082
 0.25 557029 558021 555015 553004 550995 547991 544989 538981
      535981 534987 533002 533010 534016 535021 538027 546024
      550024 554027 557029
 0.25 349736 348732 344731 336735 328738 319743 314748 309754
      296767 284775 270787 247807 244810 242813 240817 240821
      241825 245826 245829 243830 243835 244841 245844 252848
      257852 265857 269859 273858 278852 283846 286843 291841
      297840 303836 316825 322821 328814 334808 337799 340792
      343785 347765 349758 349751 349736
 0.50 516272 515266 513260 510246 507231 506223 504215 499204
      495199 491198 481202 471207 463212 451214 442217 432224
      434227 439231 447232 452232 457231 460232 461234 465238
      471242 480249 485254 487260 495269 501273 506273 511272
      516272
 0.50 500172 501168 500164 496162 495161 492159 489158 485157
      484161 485164 486167 488169 490173 492174 495176 498175
      500172
 0.50 487231 487228 485227 484225 482224 481223 479223 478223
      477224 477225 477227 477228 478229 480230 481231 482232
      483232 484232 485232 487231 487231
 0.50 491142 489136 486133 478130 473131 470135 468140 463143
      459144 457152 456158 456160 459162 464164 468164 472162
      474160 475156 473150 472143 476140 479140 483143 488145
      491142
 0.50 424246 425244 424242 424241 422240 421239 419238 417238
      416239 415241 416244 418246 420247 421247 423246 424246
 0.50 338753 337746 335745 332746 326750 319747 314751 311756
      303768 299773 293776 287781 281785 277789 272793 266797
      263803 260809 256814 250818 249821 250825 254830 258836
      261837 265838 270837 274837 277836 282833 288835 292835
      295833 299828 305826 313823 318819 326810 329807 331803
      332796 334788 337782 339774 337767 337760 338753
 0.50 278805 278803 278802 276802 274802 273803 273805 274807
      276806 278805 278805
 0.50 274847 274845 274842 272842 270842 268842 267843 266844
      266845 266847 267849 269850 271851 272850 273849 274847
      274847
 1.00 499229 501220 499213 495208 490204 480206 475209 470212
      461218 450219 460224 465222 471222 476220 481220 491227
      496231 499229
 1.00 481242 481239 480237 480236 479235 478234 476234 474234
      473236 473239 475241 476242 478242 480242 481242
 1.00 328790 327782 326775 323769 318765 318762 318757 315757
      312760 309766 304777 301789 298802 299810 301814 304814
      310814 315812 323803 326799 327792 328790
 1.00 264817 263815 262813 262815 261817 262818 264817
 1.50 498221 498216 496212 493209 488207 485207 481209 477210
      475211 475214 478215 483218 486221 491223 494226 498224
      498221
 1.50 321791 321786 318787 316787 313790 311791 310793 308796
      308798 310801 311801 314798 316798 319795 319793 321791
 1.50 313783 312781 311779 310779 310780 308781 308782 308784
      309786 309787 311787 312786 312785 313783
 2.00 497221 497217 495215 492212 491211 488209 484209 484212
      484214 486217 488219 491220 494223 495223 497221