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Excessive Rainfall Discussion
(Caution: Version displayed is not the latest version. - Issued 1940Z Nov 29, 2023)
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Geographic Boundaries -  Map 1: Color  Black/White       Map 2: Color  Black/White

Excessive Rainfall Discussion
NWS Weather Prediction Center College Park MD
240 PM EST Wed Nov 29 2023

Day 1
Valid 16Z Wed Nov 29 2023 - 12Z Thu Nov 30 2023

The probability of rainfall exceeding flash flood guidance is less
than 5 percent.


Day 2
Valid 12Z Thu Nov 30 2023 - 12Z Fri Dec 01 2023


...20Z Update...

Primary change to the previous D2 issuance was trimming back on
the northern extent of the MRGL risk across central and eastern MO
into southern IL. Consensus on warm front approach late in the
period will allow for some shallow convection to develop, but the
lack of appreciable rates worthy of flash flood concerns will be a
deterant with the latest 12z HREF 1"/hr probabilities totally void
over the aforementioned area. Totals will be generally within the
0.75-1.5" territory, and likely over an extended period of time.
Thus, brought the northern extent further south into southern MO
where there's a slightly better risk for convection and locally
higher rates.

The trend continues to have a focal point of convection and flash
flood concerns across east TX into the western half of LA where
instability maximum for the period will be co-located within the
best ascent from our passing shortwave trough to the north and
surface convergence within the confines of a propagating cold
front. Rates will be generally between 1-2"/hr with perhaps a few
isolated storms capable of up to 2.5"/hr, mainly within the
southwest LA coastal areas where instability is forecasted to be
highest. The antecedent conditions present across the Lower
Mississippi Valley will deter more widespread flood prospects and
much of this rain will be beneficial. However, the prospect for
supercell generation across east TX given the deep shear profiles
and backing low-level wind field off the Gulf will yield some
enhanced rainfall within the SPC Enhanced/Slight severe storm
risks respectively. Later in the period, convegent signature along
the leading edge of an advancing cold front will act as a focal
point for a line of heavy thunderstorms to move eastward across
the LA/TX border into the central portion of LA. CIPS analogs were
very much in line with the current forecast with multiple analog
from the 90s and 80s during stronger el ninos depicting a very
similar setup with an outcomes well within the means of current
guidance. Those events yielded more localized flash flood impacts
with the primary concerns aligned with the urban settings around
east TX into LA. This was also another reason to maintain the MRGL
risk with less widespread focus and more localized impacts


...Previous Discussion...

Surface low over the plains will evolve with a developing cold
front pushing eastward within the time frame. The latest guidance
continues to show a swath of QPF of 1 to 3 inches lifting from the
Gulf Coast to the Ohio River Valley.
Moisture return from the Gulf will have the PW values upwards of 2
to 2.5 standard deviations above normal over a large portion of
the Lower and Middle Mississippi Valley. One this deep moisture
plume meets the greatest instability hourly rates will likely max
out near 2 inches/hour, leading to local maximums near 4 or more
inches during this period across Louisiana and the immediate
vicinity. The Marginal Risk that was already in effect from the
Central Gulf to southwest Indiana remains in effect. Minor
adjustments were made along the eastern boundary to trim it back
to the west reflecting the latest model trends and WPC forecast.


Day 3

The Day 3 outlook will be updated by 2030Z.

Day 1 threat area:
Day 2 threat area:
Day 3 threat area: