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Excessive Rainfall Discussion
 
(Latest Discussion - Issued 0822Z Jun 13, 2024)
 
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Geographic Boundaries -  Map 1: Color  Black/White       Map 2: Color  Black/White


Excessive Rainfall Discussion
NWS Weather Prediction Center College Park MD
421 AM EDT Thu Jun 13 2024

Day 1
Valid 12Z Thu Jun 13 2024 - 12Z Fri Jun 14 2024

...THERE IS A MODERATE RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL FOR SOUTHERN
FLORIDA...

...Florida...

Several inches of rain focused over South Florida yesterday which
has left soils water logged and have lowered the 1/3/6 hr FFG to as
low as 0.25 inch. The latest hi-res guidance show another very
heavy band developing potentially over the same areas by late
morning and into the afternoon hours. It will take very little
additional rain to aggravate ongoing flooding in rural and urban
locations. A Moderate was raised for a majority of the southern
counties which includes the Miami metro where areal averages with
be around 3 inches with isolated maximums up to 8 inches possible
per hi-res guidance.

Totals in the periods prior will be running between 3-12" for an
areal average across the above corridor with some maxes approaching
15" in the areas that have been hit the hardest over successive
days. Considering the repeated nature of the heavy precip,
expectation is for more flash flooding to arise late Thursday
morning through the afternoon as diurnal destabilization within the
convergent axis provides another round of significant rainfall for
those that have seen a prolific amount already.

...Midwest...

Shortwave over the Northern Plains will pivot around the northern
periphery of the mid-level ridge located across the Southwest U.S
with sights on the central Midwest by Thursday afternoon. At the
surface, a cold front will be pressing south-southeast over
portions of the Central Plains through the Mid-Mississippi Valley.
The coupling of the two distinct features in the midst of a
prolific thermodynamic regime located over the above area (MLCAPE
exceeding 4000 J/kg) will help initiate a robust line of convection
with cores capable of locally enhanced rainfall as they move
southeast with the forecast steering flow. The Marginal Risk was
maintained to allow for more consensus with guidance as they get
inside 24 hrs of the event.

While there continues to be some variance in where the convection
will be, consensus favors a line from the borders of
Iowa/Missouri/Illinois to east/northeast of Chicago where areal
averages of 1 to 3 inches are forecast. The environment may be
conducive for locally significant rainfall in the strongest
convective cores, particularly if backbuilding cells become
anchored to the front.

Campbell/Kleebauer


Day 2
Valid 12Z Fri Jun 14 2024 - 12Z Sat Jun 15 2024

...THERE IS A SLIGHT RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL FOR SOUTHERN
FLORIDA...

...South Florida...

The frontal boundary will begin to sink south as a cold front
through central Florida during this period and heavy rain will
continue across South Florida. Although the PW values across the
state will be reducing there will still be adequate moisture to
help produce and additional 1 to 2+ inches over the over-saturated
region. A Slight Risk remains in effect for South Florida and a
Marginal Risk for central Florida.

...Rockies and Plains...

A strong upper level disturbance exits northeast out of the Four
Corners with a strengthening low in the lee of the Rockies.
Scattered heavy rain signatures with some isolated totals exceeding
2" are forecast. Local enhancement of QPF is expected within the
higher elevations of northeast New Mexico otherwise the bulk of the
high QPF is expected across the Central Plains, roughly from
Boulder to Sioux Falls and could easily pick up 1 to 3+ inches of
rainfall. A vast majority of this region has 3-hr FFG near 1.5/2
inches however there are very isolated locations as low as 0.25
inch. A Marginal Risk is in effect from northeast New Mexico to
Iowa/Minnesota/South Dakota. There may be a need for a small Slight
Risk area with future updates if QPF trends continue to increase.

...New England...

A cold front will advance through Ontario/Quebec and reach the
Northeastern U.S during peak diurnal destabilization. Convection is
expected to develop along and ahead of the front and will be
capable of isolated heavy rain instances from Pennsylvania to New
England and into the Canadian maritimes. The highest QPF is
focusing across southeast New England where guidance suggests areal
average of 1 to 2 inches. The progressive nature of the convection
will limit the threat to marginal territories, although the
urbanization factors in-of the Lower Hudson up through southern
New England could produce some locally enhanced risks if a storm
overperforms.

Campbell/Kleebauer


Day 3
Valid 12Z Sat Jun 15 2024 - 12Z Sun Jun 16 2024

...THERE IS A SLIGHT RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL FOR PORTIONS
OF IOWA, MINNESOTA AND WISCONSIN...

...Upper Mississippi Valley to Southern Plains...

During this period a cold front will be pushing through the
Northern Plains while a warm front lifts from the Central Plains
into the Upper Mississippi Valley. PW values of 1 to 1.5 inches
will be drawn into this system, reaching a peak of +2 standard
deviations above average over Iowa and Minnesota. There will be
strong mid-level ascent embedded with this pooled moisture which
will help enhance rainfall amounts and coverage from the Plains to
the Upper Mississippi Valley. Guidance is showing 1 to 3 inches
will be common although local maximums may reach 5 inches. A Slight
Risk is in effect from northwest Iowa to west-central Wisconsin. A
Marginal Risk area spans from North Dakota eastward to Lake
Michigan and southwest to Oklahoma.

...South Florida...

Convection is expected to linger nearing the decaying front
boundary and may produce an additional 1 inch or so. The soils will
be over-saturated and sensitive to any additional rainfall. A
Marginal Risk is in effect given the ongoing flooding concerns.

Campbell


Day 1 threat area: www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/94epoints.txt
Day 2 threat area: www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/98epoints.txt
Day 3 threat area: www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/99epoints.txt